Health Policy Formulation And Analysis Essay.
Health policy formulation and analysis Health policies aim to align the real health care needs of the public, provide standardization in operational activities, manage risks, reduces the health care costs and others so that people can have a quality of health care services. There are several issues in the health care system among them staffing shortage is the one, which needs to be addressed to prevent further staffing crisis and improve the quality and safety of healthcare services. Thia paper will describe regarding the policy formulation on staffing. The paper will explain the staffing issues, provide the evidence of staffing shortage, develop alternative solutions, choose the best solutions from alternatives and predict the outcomes of policy changes on staffing issues. In addition, a paper will outline the trade- offs of not having a policy on staffing or addressing staffing issues, provide recommendation and the effects of policy on direct patient care.Health Policy Formulation And Analysis Essay.
Healthcare is a fundamental right of every citizen irrespective of any socially constructed indices and developmental narratives. But this right is not an affordable luxury for all and sundry to enjoy. Owing to huge disparities on vertical and horizontal lines, people of developing countries lack adequate healthcare facilities.. Such issues of access to and availability of health-related facilities are largely influenced by social and economic conditions as well as health policies in place. Healthcare systems are the regulatory mechanism for meeting the health needs of the population. According to World Health Organization, a well-functioning healthcare system requires; vigorous financial system, reliable and educated information on which to base health-oriented policies and decisions, competent and specialized workforce, and well-maintained health facilities to deliver qualitative medicines and services.
Health plays the key role in determining the human capital. Better health improves the efficiency and the productivity of the labor force, thereby contributing in the economic growth and an improvement in the human development index. To attain more skilful, efficient and productive human capital resources, governments subsidies the health care facilities for its people. In this context, the governments of developing countries, like Pakistan are investing their energies and capital to improve its health care system.
Improving health care systems, while containing cost pressures, is the core policy challenge faced by the developing nations in the world. Pakistan, being a developing and socio-economically vulnerable state, is not immune to this challenge. In the face economic fragility and financial crisis, Pakistan has been under heavy compulsions to re-examine and re-evaluate the challenge of poor healthcare system for the clear identification of strengths and weaknesses of the system to ensure quality of life to its citizens. In order to make human capital qualitatively productive and efficient, the government of Pakistan needs to work on macro and micro level issues, ranging from organizational shortcomings to practical implementation of available resources. The strategy formulations for the reform of health care services in Pakistan need to keep in focus ground realities. The primary requirement in the amelioration of healthcare system is to allocate minimum of 10-15% budget to public spending for health and development sector. Moreover, authorities should direct their resources and services towards the expansion of immunization programs, control communicable diseases, promoting nutrition gaps between different groups, sponsor greater gender equity in their healthcare services, creating public awareness regarding hazards of drugs, ensuring capacity-building for health monitoring, and redressing inadequacies of services and logistics at all hierarchal section of the organization. To make healthy nation an actual wealth, government of Pakistan must translate all suggestions into concrete reality.
In public health and health care sectors, law and health policies play critical roles in controlling illnesses and reducing deaths. Therefore, it is important to include them in study of health care and public health. It is important for future healthcare and public health practitioners to understand the scope and influence of law in their field of practice (Andre, 2002). Public health law focuses on role of government in improvement of health at various levels of society.
In addition, it deals with legal issues experienced in public health practice, as well as effects on health of people (Andre, 2002). Policies and laws that aim to reduce diseases and injuries, as well as promote provision of quality health care services to people govern the health care and public health sectors. Therefore, they aid future practitioners in understanding how law and policy affects their work, as well as their role in implementing their requirements (Andre, 2002).
Bioethics refers to study of ethics initiated by advancements in medicine and biology (Andre, 2002). In addition, it refers to process of making decisions in relation to health care policy and practice. It deals with ethical questions that arise from implementation of health care policies. Bioethics is an important component that shapes and determines establishment of health policies.
Many issues arise from developments in the medical field and health care sector. The issues have varying bioethical implications on health policy, as they affect the well-being of communities (Andre, 2002). In addition, development of health policy generates ethical issues that affect delivery of health care services. On the other hand, bioethics deals with ethical implications of public policy as it relates to delivery of health care services (Andre, 2002).
The health care sector has many controversies mainly caused and resolved using health policies. Such controversies include abortion, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, patient self-determination, and role of practitioners in safeguarding patients’ privacy of medical information. Bioethics covers controversial issues related to establishment and implementation of health policy (Andre, 2002).
Decisions related to health law and policy affect interests of many stakeholders. Stakeholders such as employers, the public, healthcare providers, pharmaceutical companies, and researchers have different interests in health law and policy (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2013). Therefore, changes in health law and policy affect their interests significantly.Health Policy Formulation And Analysis Essay.
Choices regarding certain policies and passage or interpretation of certain laws affect interests of stakeholders immensely. For example, a court of law could make a ruling regarding requirements of physician licensing and associated duties of physicians to patients (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2013).Health Policy Formulation And Analysis Essay.
The court could rule that a medical practitioner is at will to either treat patient or decline to treat a patient despite the fact that he/she was acting as the doctor of the patient’s family. This ruling would affect many stakeholders. It would affect the patient, the family of the patient, and other medical practitioners (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2013). It would also affect legislation of the state because the law on licensing could have been ambiguous and therefore in need of amendment.
Another stakeholder that would be affected is the public. If such law were passed, it would affect all decisions related to health care and public health. Policy choices or passage and interpretation of law affect the interests of many stakeholders. In the foregoing example, affected stakeholders include the public, health care providers, patients, and the government (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2013).Health Policy Formulation And Analysis Essay.
Andre, J. (2002). Bioethics as Practice. New York: University of North Carolina Press.
Teitelbaum, J., & Wilensky, S. (2013). Essentials of Health Policy and Law. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
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