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Abu Bakr the First Among Men to Enter Islam

The Holy Prophet told Abu Bakr what had happened at Mount Hira ' , he told him that Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala had revealed to him and made him His Messenger. When Abu Bakr heard this from the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi Washington sallam, he did non halt to believe, he at one time became a Muslim. He submitted to Islam with such finding that one time the Holy Prophet himself remarked, `` I called people to Islam, everybody thought over it, at least for a piece, but this was non the instance with Abu Bakr, the minute I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any vacillation. '' He was titled as-Siddiq by the Prophet because his religion was excessively strong to be shaken by anything.

Abu Bakr 's love of the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi Washington sallam was so great that he was willing to give his life for the interest of protecting and soothing the Prophet proverb. Such love and forfeit were demonstrated when one twenty-four hours the Holy Prophet was stating his supplications in the Ka'bah, while some of the heads of Makkah were sitting in the tribunal pace of the Ka'bah. Sing the Prophet praying, 'Uqbah ibn Abi Mu'it took a long piece of fabric and set it around the Prophet 's cervix and twisted it difficult in an effort to strangulate the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi Washington sallam to decease. At that minute Abu Bakr happened to go through by from a distance, he saw 'Uqbah seeking to strangulate the Prophet to decease. Immediately Abu Bakr ran to the aid of the Prophet, he pushed 'Uqbah aside and took the fabric from aroundthe Prophet 's cervix. Thereupon the enemies of Islam came down upon Abu Bakr and beat him mercilessly, although Abu Bakr with religion like a stone did non care for his ain agony, he was glad that he was able to salvage the Prophet of Allah, even at the hazard of his ain life.

Abu Bakr with the wealth he had, besides had a major function in liberating some of the Muslim slaves, who were barbarically tortured by their heartless Mushrik Masterss to give up the religion and return to their Masterss ' beliefs. The heartless monsters tried all sorts of anguish: they made them lie all naked on the combustion desert sand, seting large rocks on their thorax, every bit good as other sorts of anguish. Here Abu Bakr 's wealth came to the deliverance, as he bought the hapless incapacitated slaves from their inhuman Masterss and put them free, Bilal al-Habashi, the slave of 'Umayyah ibn Khalaf, was among those who were set free by Abu Bakr. Bilal became afterwards the mu'adhin at the Prophet 's mosque.

The Successor of the Prophet

The two chief groups amongst Muslims were Muhajirun ( refugees from Makkah ) , and Ansar ( the people of Madinah ) . The Ansar gathered at the Thaqifah Bani Saydah their meeting topographic point. Sa'ad ibn Abadah, the Ansar leader, suggested that the Caliph should be from amongst them. Although many refused stating that the Muhajirun in right have a better claim to Khilafah. When the intelligence reached Abu Bakr, he rapidly went to their assemblage, fearing that confusion might distribute one time once more, and said, `` Both Muhajirun and Ansar have done great service to Islam. But the former were the first to accept Islam, they were ever really near to the Messenger of Allah. So, O Ansar, allow the Caliph be from amongst them. '' After a short treatment, the Ansar agreed that they should take the Caliph from amongst the Muhajirun, being from the folk of Quraysh and being the first to accept Islam.

Abu Bakr so asked people to take between 'Umar ibn al-Khattab and Abu 'Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah. Hearing this, both work forces jumped to their pess and exclaimed `` O Siddiq, how can that be? How can anyone else make full this place every bit long as you are among us? You are the top adult male amongst he Muhajirun. You were the Companion of the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi Washington sallam in the Thawr cave. You led supplications in his topographic point, during his last unwellness. Prayer is the first thing in Islam. With all these makings you are the fittest individual to be the replacement of the Holy Prophet. Keep out your manus that we may plight trueness to you. ''

Biography Of the first Muslim Caliph - Abu Bakr Siddiq

The Holy Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) told Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) what had happened at Mount Hira’ , he told him that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has revealed to him and made him His Messenger. When Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) heard this from the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi Washington sallam, he did non halt to believe, he at one time became a Muslim. He submitted to Islam with such finding that one time the Holy Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) himself remarked: “I called people to Islam, everybody thought over it, at least for a piece, but this was non the instance with Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) , the minute I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any hesitation” . He was titled As-Siddiq by the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) because his religion was excessively strong to be shaken by anything.

Abu Bakr’s love of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi Washington sallam was so great that he was willing to give his life for the interest of protecting and soothing the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) proverb. Such love and forfeit were demonstrated when one twenty-four hours the Holy Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) was stating his supplications in the Ka’ba, while some of the heads of Mecca were sitting in the tribunal pace of the Ka’ba. Sing the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) praying, ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu’eet took a long piece of fabrics and set it around the Prophet’s cervix and twisted it difficult in an effort to strangulate the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to decease. At that minute Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) happened to go through by from a distance, he saw ‘Uqbah seeking to strangulate the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) to decease. Immediately Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) ran to the aid of the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) , he pushed ‘Uqbah aside and took the fabric from around the Prophet’s cervix. Thereupon the enemies of Islâm came down upon Abu Bakr and beat him unnerafully, although Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) with religion like a stone did non care for his ain agony, he was glad that he was able to salvage the Prophet of Allah ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) , even at the hazard of his ain life.

Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) with the wealth he had, besides had a major function in liberating some of the Muslim slaves, who were barbarically tortured by their heartless Mushrik Masterss to give up the Faith and return to their masters’ beliefs. The heartless monsters tried all sorts of anguish: they made them lie all naked on the combustion desert sand, seting large rocks on their thorax, every bit good as other sorts of anguish. Here Abu Bakr’s wealth came to the deliverance, as he bought the hapless incapacitated slaves from their inhuman Masterss and put them free, Bilal Al-Habashi, the slave of Umayya bin Khalaf, was among those who were set free by Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) . Bilal became afterwards the Mu’azzin at the Prophet’s mosque.

Islam was turning quickly in Mecca, the enemies of Islam were acquiring frustrated by this rapid growing. The Chiefs of Mecca found that it is necessary for them to acquire rid of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi Washington sallam before Islam can do a existent menace to them, so they planned to kill the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) . Allah Subhanahu Washington Ta’ala revealed to his Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) the purposes of the non-believers and ordered him to migrate to Madinah. So the Prophet ( sallal laahu alaihi wasallam ) rapidly went to Abu Bakr’s house who was among the few that were left in Mecca with the bulk of Muslims holding already migrated to Madinah.

The two chief groups amongst Muslims were Muhajirun ( refugees from Mecca ) , and Ansar ( the people of Madinah ) . The Ansar gathered at the Thaqifa Bani Saida their meeting topographic point. Saad bin Abada the Ansar leader suggested that the Caliph should be from amongst them. Although many refused stating that the Muhajirun in right have a better claim to Khilafah. When the intelligence reached Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) , he rapidly went to their assemblage, fearing that confusion might distribute one time once more, and said: “Both Muhajirun and Ansar have done great service to Islam. But the former were the first to accept Islam, they were ever really near to the Messenger of Allah ( sallallaahu ‘alayhi Washington sallam ) . So, O Ansar, allow the Caliph be from amongst them” . After a short treatment, the Ansar agreed that they should take the Caliph from amongst the Muhajirun, being from the folk of Quraish and being the first to accept Islam.

Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him ) so asked people to take between Umar bin Al-Khattab and Abu Ubaida Ibn A-Jarrah. Hearing this, both work forces jumped to their pess and exclaimed: “O Siddiq, how can that be? How can anyone else make full this place every bit long as you are among us? You are the top adult male amongst he Muhajirun. You were the Companion of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi Washington sallam in the Thawr cave. You led supplications in his topographic point, during his last unwellness. Prayer is the first thing in Islam. With all these makings you are the fittest individual to be the replacement of the Holy Prophet ( sallallaahu ‘alayhi Washington sallam ) . Keep out your manus that we may plight trueness to you” .

Abu Bakr 's household enjoyed richness, and he was born with the proverbial Ag spoon in his oral cavity. No elaborate histories are available about the life of Abu Bakr during the period of childhood. Like other Arab kids, he spent early old ages in the unfastened air of the desert. He grew as a typical boy of the dirt. The meagerness and barrenness of the land around him was reflected in his build. He was thin and thin with a slender fundamental law, but was otherwise really stalwart and had a strong head. He had the doggedness and the strength of the stones around him. Like the aureate sand of the desert, his face glowed with a white and ruddy skin color. By all criterions he was beautiful, and for his beauty he earned the family name of 'Atiq ' .

A narrative is preserved that one time when Abu Bakr was a kid, his male parent took him to the Ka'aba, and asked him to pray before the graven images. His male parent went off to go to to some other concern, and Abu Bakr was left entirely with the graven images. Addressing an graven image, Abu Bakr said, `` O my God, I am in demand of beautiful apparels, bestow them on me. '' The graven image remained apathetic. Then Abu Bakr turn toing another graven image said, `` O God, give me some delightful nutrient. I am so hungry. '' The graven image remained cold to the supplication. That exhausted the forbearance of immature Abu Bakr. He lifted a rock, and turn toing an graven image said, `` Here I am taking a rock ; if you are a God protect yourself. '' Abu Bakr hurled the rock at the graven image, which broke into pieces. Abu Bakr left the Ka'aba. Thereafter Abu Bakr ne'er prayed to the graven images in the Ka'aba. This Abraham manner of brush with the graven images made Abu Bakr a Muslim at bosom long before his formal profession of Islam.

At the age of 18, Abu Bakr went into trade and adopted the profession of a fabric merchandiser which was the household 's concern. Makkah was a commercial Centre at the crossing of the train routes from Yemen to Syria and Iraq to Abyssinia, and the Quraish of Makkah sponsored trade trains to Yemen, Syria, Iraq, and Abyssinia. Abu Bakr travelled extensively with such trains. Business trips took him to Yemen, Syria, and elsewhere. These travels brought him wealth, added to his experience, and broadened his mentality. He was honest, hardworking, steadfast. generous, hospitable, and diligent. These qualities paid rich dividends. His concern flourished and he rose in the graduated table of societal importance. He came to be recognized as one of the richest merchandisers of Mecca.

As neighbors Muhammad ( peace be on him ) , and Abu Bakr came in contact with each other, and were reciprocally attracted. Both of them were of the same age. Both of them were bargainers and good directors. Both of them were sort hearted and stamp hearted gentlemen who felt for others. Both of them were work forces of strong and greatest character. They were work forces of strong strong beliefs, and when they came to keep a peculiar position they knew no hesitating. They ne'er minced affairs and ever called a spade a spade. Both of them were critical of the immoralities that honeycombed the idolatrous society of Makkah. They had an individuality of positions on assorted affairs. They felt themselves to be kindred liquors, and that set the base for life-long fond regard between the two work forces who were destined to do history.

Significance of the transition of Abu Bakr. In the annals of Islam, the transition of Abu Bakr was an event of great significance. Abu Bakr was a rich merchandiser, and his concern depended on the good will of the people around him. He knew that his transition to the new religion would do him unpopular with people around him, and that would adversely impact his concern. He was good cognizant that by such transition he would be ask foring the wrath and ill will of the Quraish. But his head was made up. He felt positive that Muhammad ( peace be on him ) had discovered the truth, and was required of him was to back up the cause of the truth, whatever the cost.

During the times of Abu Bakr, bondage was a deep frozen establishment, and was a conspicuous characteristic of Makkah. Most of the Quraish were slave proprietors and therefore in the society of Makkah there was a considerable scattering of slaves. These slaves were the victims of development, and were treated in an cold manner by their Masterss. Many of the slaves were attracted by Islam, for in its instructions lay a charter of freedom for the hard-pressed humanity. Islam preached the cult of equality. It stipulated that all individuals were the slaves of God, and no individual could be the slave of another individual. When many slaves accepted Islam, the slave proprietors of Makkah felt much concerned, and considered such transitions as a menace to their economic involvements.

Bilal, an Abyssinian who subsequently became the 'Muadhdhin ' of Islam was a slave of Umayyah bin Khalaf. Bilal accepted Islam and thereupon his maestro subjected him to great anguish. Umayyah would do Bilal lie down on the combustion sand, and would put a immense block of rock on his thorax. Umayyah would so inquire Bilal to give up Islam, or he would be tortured to decease Umayyah would, sometimes bind a rope round the cervix of Bilal, and had him dragged in the streets. Sometimes Bilal was made to set on steel armors, and stand in the hot Sun for hours. In malice of these anguishs and menaces, Bilal remained house and steadfast in his religion in Islam. The status of Bilal excited the commiseration of Abu Bakr. He purchased him from his maestro and set him free.

Khawla bint Hakim suggested to the Holy Prophet that he should get married some immature lady every bit good who could maintain him company. Whom could he get married, inquired the Holy Prophet. Khawla suggested that Ayesha the girl of Abu Bakr would be a good pick. The Holy Prophet left it to Khawla to prosecute the affair with Abu Bakr. Khawla approached Abu Bakr, and his married woman Umm Ruman and made the proposal for the battle of Ayesha to the Holy Prophet. Abu Bakr felt honoured at the proposal, but his trouble was that Ayesha was already engaged to Jubayr boy of Mut'im, and it was against Abu Bakr 's codification of behavior to interrupt his pledge. When this trouble was brought to the notice of the Holy Prophet, he said that God would Himself supply a manner out of the trouble.

The first thing that the Holy Prophet called upon the Muslims to make at Madina was to construct a mosque which was to be the supplication house every bit good as the community Centre. The proprietor of the secret plan of land selected for the intent of constructing the mosque insisted on donating the land free. The Holy Prophet, nevertheless, paid the monetary value at the market rate, and this monetary value was paid by Abu Bakr. All the Muslims including the Holy Prophet and Abu Bakr participated in the building of the mosque. As the Muslims laboured, they chanted: `` There is no life, but the life of the following universe, O God have mercy on the Muhajreen and the Ansar. ''

When the Muslims were punctually settled in Madina, and the households of the Holy Prophet and Abu Bakr had come to Madina, it was decided that the formal ceremonial of the matrimony of Ayesha the girl of Abu Bakr to the Holy Prophet should be performed. Ayesha was now of age. The crisis of Islam was over. The Holy Prophet was no longer a persecuted individual ; he was now the swayer of Madina. The Holy Prophet needed a immature lady by his side whom he could love. One twenty-four hours early in 623 C.E. , the Holy Prophet accompanied by his comrades went to the house of Abu Bakr at Sukh to seek the manus of Ayesha in matrimony.

Ayesha 's history of matrimony. Ayesha has left an history of the nuptials twenty-four hours in the undermentioned footings: `` The Prophet of Allah came to our house where many of the comrades were waiting. My female parent brought me sitting in a litter on two poles. She made me fall ; so she smoothened my hair, and washed my face with H2O. Then she led me to the door of the house where she stopped until I regained my calm. Then she took me to where the Prophet of God was sitting in our house, and made me sit near him stating, 'These are your people. May God bless them through you, and you through them ' . The people so left, and the Prophet consummated the matrimony while in our house. ''

When the sad intelligence of the decease of the Holy Prophet was conveyed to Abu Bakr at Al-Sukh, he burst into shortness of breath. Without the Holy Prophet, there appeared to be no appeal of life for Abu Bakr. Everything around him appeared to be dark. The go throughing off of the Holy Prophet was a great calamity, and the heartache of Abu Bakr was excessively affecting to be told in words. But so Abu Bakr felt that that was non the juncture to give manner to personal heartache, in malice of the stupendousness of the daze. The decease of the Holy Prophet was verily the terminal of an era, but that was non the terminal of his mission. His mission had to be carried frontward.

Abu Bakr wiped his cryings and hastened to Madina. Entering the flat where the dead organic structure of the Holy Prophet ballad, Abu Bakr removed the sheet that covered the face of the Holy Prophet. Abu Bakr felt the pulsation and so touched the organic structure of the Holy Prophet. There was no mark of life, and the psyche had departed from the organic structure. In malice of the lividness of decease the face of the Holy Prophet shone with godly glow. Bending low, Abu Bakr kissed the auspicious brow of the Master, and choking with heartache said: `` Master, sacred you were in life, and sacred you are in decease. Since you have tasted of decease ordained by God, henceforth you will be immune from its clasps. Your residence will now be in the Paradise stopping point to Allah. From Allah you came, and to Allah you have returned ``

On the 7th of Jamadi-ui-Akhir of the 1 3th A H. matching to the 8th of August 634 C.E, Abu Bakr fell ill, and out of this illness he ne'er recovered. There are two histories about the illness of Abu Bakr. One history is that the 8th of August 634 was a cold twenty-four hours, when Abu Bakr took a bath and caught a iciness. Another history is that about a twelvemonth ago, along with some other comrades Harith bin Kaladah, and Attab bin Usaid he had eaten some nutrient which was poisoned, and which was to hold its consequence after a twelvemonth. Harith b. Kaladah and Attab B Usaid died on the same twenty-four hours as Abu Bakr, and that lends support to the theory that the decease of Abu Bakr was because of the consequence of toxicant.

The 4th married woman of Abu Bakr was Asma She was foremost married to Jafar bin Abu Talib, a brother of Ali. She migrated with Jafar to Abyssinia in 615 C.E. She had three boies from Jafar, viz. , Muhammad, Abdullah, and Aun. In 630 C.E. , Jafar was martyred in the conflict of Mauta. Six months subsequently, Abu Bakr married her. She had one boy from Abu Bakr who was besides named Muhammad. She was a half sister of Umm Salma, married woman of the Holy Prophet. Asma was a gifted lady. She was good versed in the reading of dreams. Harmonizing to the will of Abu Bakr, Asma was authorized to fix his dead organic structure for the entombment. After the decease of Abu Bakr, Asma married Ali from whom she had a boy Yahya.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique in Urdu

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique was the first calif and one of the closest comrades of Holy Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH ) . His existent name was Abdullah and he belonged to the sub-tribe of Quraish. He was the best comrade of Muhammad ( PBUH ) and stood with him through midst and thin. He remained with Holy Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH ) during the migration of Muslims from Makkah to Madina. One of his daughters- Hazrat Ayesha ( RA ) – married with Hazrat Muhammad ( PBUH ) . He was declared as Ameer-e-Haj ( Leader of Pilgrimage ) by Hazrat Muhammad in 9th hijrah. After the death of Holy Prophet, he was chosen as the first calif of Muslim Ummah. He continued his services for Islam during his caliphhood which started in 632 A.D and ended in 634 A.D. During his epoch of caliphhood the Muslims won a tonss of conflicts specially in Iraq and Syria. He died on 24th of August 634 A.D and he was buried on the left side of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique ( RA ) - 1st Caliph

`` No 1 has been a better comrade to me than Abu Bakr ( RA ) , '' said the Holy Prophet SAW in his last sermon.A great wages so! Abu Bakr ( RA ) had earned it. All his life he stood by the side of the Prophet SAW. He did non care for his life. He did non care for his wealths. He did non care for what others said about him. His lone aspiration was to function the Prophet SAW more than anyone else. The cost did non affair. The aspiration was fulfilled. And Abu Bakr ( RA ) got his wages in full. The Messenger of Allah SAW was good pleased with him. He gave him the first topographic point among the Companions. Abu Bakr ( RA ) was to be the first adult male to make full the topographic point of the Prophet SAW. He was besides to lie in ageless remainder by the prophesier 's side.

Service to the Prophet - First among MenAbu Bakr ( RA ) was ever really near to the Holy Prophet SAW. He knew him better than any other adult male. He knew how honorable and unsloped his friend had ever been. So he was the first among work forces to believe in the Prophet 's mission. He was the first grownup male to accept Islam. After the first disclosure, the Holy Prophet SAW told him what had happened at Mount Hira. He told him that Allah had made him His Messenger. Abu Bakr ( RA ) did non halt to believe. He at one time became a Muslim. Once the holy Prophet himself remarked, `` I called people to Islam. Everybody thought over it, at least for a piece. But this was non the instance with Abu Bakr ( RA ) . The minute I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any vacillation. `` The Holy Prophet SAW called at Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's house every twenty-four hours. The two sat down and thought out ways of distributing Islam. Together they went to people and topographic points and delivered the message of Allah. Wherever the Holy Prophet SAW went, Abu Bakr ( RA ) went with him.Risks His LifeOne twenty-four hours the Holy Prophet SAW was stating his supplications in the Kaaba. He was wholly lost in the ideas of Allah. Abu Jahl and some other heads of Mecca were sitting in the courtyard of the Kaaba. `` I must complete with Muhammad today, '' said Abu Jahl. So stating, he took a long piece of fabric. He put it around the Holy Prophet SAW 's cervix. Then he twisted it difficult. He was traveling to strangulate the Messenger of Allah to decease. The other heads looked on and laughed.Abu Bakr ( RA ) happened to see this from a distance. He at one time ran to the aid of the Prophet SAW. He pushed Abu Jahl aside and took off the fabric from around the Holy Prophet SAW 's cervix. Thereupon Abu Jahl and other enemies of Islam came down upon Abu Bakr ( RA ) . They beat him really much. Indeed, the whipping was so terrible that Abu Bakr ( RA ) fell down senseless. He was carried place. He could non recover his senses till after several hours. And when he did come to himself, the first inquiry he asked was, `` Is the Prophet un-hurt? '' Abu Bakr ( RA ) did non care for his ain agony. He was glad that he was able to assist salvage the Prophet 's life. Abu Bakr ( RA ) knew full good that if any injury came to the Prophet SAW, the lone hope of world would be gone. This made him put on the line everything he held beloved, for the safety of the Prophet SAW and for the spread of his message.The Title of `` Siddiq '' In the 10th twelvemonth of his mission, the Holy Prophet SAW had the Miraj or Ascension. One dark the angel Gabriel AS came with the word that Allah the Almighty wanted the Holy Prophet SAW to come all the manner up to the highest Eden. The Holy Prophet SAW undertook the journey.In the forenoon, after the Ascension had taken topographic point, the Holy Prophet SAW talked to people about the Miraj. This drew the mockeries of his enemies. '' Expression! '' they howled out, `` what bunk he talks! Surely, now his followings excessively will express joy at him. Who is traveling to believe in such a summer solstice dark dream? `` The talk was traveling on when Abu Bakr ( RA ) came up. `` Do you cognize, Abu Bakr ( RA ) , what intelligence your friend has for you in the forenoon? '' said one of the mean. `` He says he was on the highest Eden last dark, holding a talk with Allah, the Almighty. Would you believe it? `` `` I would believe anything that the Messenger of Allah says, '' replied Abu Bakr ( RA ) When the Holy Prophet SAW learnt of this, he at one time said, `` Abu Bakr ( RA ) is the `Siddiq ' . '' `Siddiq ' is a individual so sincere of bosom that doubts ne'er impair his love. Abu Bakr ( RA ) earned this rubric because of his religion was excessively strong to be shaken by anything.Migration to Medina W hen the Meccans were purpose on seting out, one time and for all, the visible radiation of Islam, Allah commanded the Holy Prophet SAW to travel to Medina. In the combustion heat of the noon Sun, there was a knock at Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's door. He ran to the door and found the Messenger of Allah SAW standing outdoors. `` I must go forth for Medina tonight, '' said he. `` Will I besides have the honor of traveling with you? '' asked Abu Bakr ( RA ) thirstily. `` Of class, '' came the answer. `` Set about acquiring things ready. `` Abu Bakr ( RA ) was beside himself with joy. `` I have been looking frontward to this twenty-four hours for months, '' he exlaimed. `` I have specifically kept two camels to transport us to Medina. '' It was Abu Bakr ( RA ) who made all the agreements for the historic journey. for three yearss he and the Prophet SAW lay hidden in the Thaur cave. Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's slave tended the flocks of caprine animals near the cave all twenty-four hours and supplied them fresh milk for nutrient. His boy, Abdullah, brought intelligence about what the Meccans were doing.The Meccans were seeking for the Holy Prophet SAW like huffy hounds. Once they came right to the oral cavity of the cave. Abu Bakr ( RA ) grew pale with fear. He feared, non for himself, but for the Prophet SAW. However, the Holy Prophet SAW remained absolutely unagitated. `` Do non fear, '' he said to Abu Bakr ( RA ) , `` surely Allah is with us. `` Of all the comrades, Abu Bakr ( RA ) had the honor of being with the Prophet during the most critical yearss of his life. Abu Bakr ( RA ) knew full good what this honor meant. And he did full justness to the trust put in him.Agent to the Prophet SAWThe foremost Hajj under Islam fell in the 9th twelvemonth of Hijra. The holy Prophet SAW was excessively busy at Medina to take the Hajj himself. So he sent Abu Bakr ( RA ) as his agent. He was to take the Hajj in topographic point of the Prophet SAW. Ali RA was besides sent with Abu Bakr ( RA ) . Abu Bakr ( RA ) read the Khutba ( Sermon ) of Hajj. Then Ali RA stood up and read out to the people the commandments of Allah refering the graven image believers. From that twelvemonth on, they were forbidden to come in the Kaaba.Ever since he came to Medina, the sanctum Prophet SAW himself led supplications in the Prophet SAW 's Mosque. It was an remarkably high office which the Messenger of Allah himself filled. During his last unwellness, the sanctum Prophet SAW could no longer lead supplications. He grew excessively weak to travel to the mosque. He had to name person to move in his topographic point. This honor besides fell to the batch of Abu Bakr ( RA ) . Aisha RA, who was Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's girl and a married woman of the holy Prophet SAW, thought that the load was excessively much for her tender-hearted male parent. She pleaded with the sanctum Prophet SAW to pardon her male parent from this responsibility. But the holy Prophet SAW did non alter his mind.Thus in the life-time of the holy Prophet SAW Abu Bakr ( RA ) came to make full the highest office under Islam. One twenty-four hours Abu Bakr ( RA ) was off on some concern and Umar RA led the supplication in his absence. `` This is non Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's voice, '' remarked the ailing Messenger of Allah. `` No 1 but he should take supplications. He is the fittest individual for this high office. `` On the last twenty-four hours of his life, the status of the holy Prophet SAW became all of a sudden better for a piece. It was early forenoon. Abu Bakr ( RA ) was taking the supplication in the mosque. The holy Prophet SAW lifted the drape of his door and fixed his regard on the believers. They were busy in supplication under Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's leading. A smiling lit up on the pale face of the holy Prophet SAW. He let travel of the drape. But he was happy at the idea that he had chosen the best adult male to make full his place.It was through these qualities and besides the pledge of trueness that the Sahaba showed towards Abu Bakr ( RA ) he became the 1st Caliph by the general consent of the people.Abu Bakr ( RA ) Passes AwayAfter an unwellness of two hebdomads, Abu Bakr ( RA ) passed off. He was 63 at the clip. He was buried by the side of the Holy Prophet SAW.Before his decease he said, `` Do non utilize new fabric to cover my dead organic structure. The sheet of fabric I have on will make for me. Wash it clean. `` `` But this is excessively old and worn, male parent, '' said his girl Aisha RA. `` This old and worn sheet will make for me, '' he replied.On the 22nd of Jamadi-ul-Akhir, 13 A.H. , Abu Bakr ( RA ) was taken badly. He had terrible fever. Everything was done to convey down the febrility, but all in vain. It became clear to the aged Caliph that his terminal had come.Two Old ages of Abu Bakr ( RA ) 's CalpihateAbu Bakr ( RA ) was Caliph for merely two old ages, three months and 10 yearss. This was a comparatively short period of clip in the life of people. But during this short period, Abu Bakr ( RA ) was able to make great things for Islam. These accomplishments have made his name immortal. They have placed him among the greatest work forces of all clip. When Abu Bakr ( RA ) took over, Islam was confined to Arabia entirely. And here, excessively its clasp was instead rickety. In many parts of the state, Islam was but a name. It was non a manner of life with most people. Tonss of folks had thought of the Holy Prophet SAW has a mere male monarch. They tried to throw off his yoke every bit shortly as he was no more. Abu Bakr ( RA ) taught these people a permanent lesson. He taught them that Islam was a manner of life.Abu Bakr ( RA ) was able to make this because of his firm religion. No troubles could take him off the way of the Prophet SAW. Usama RA might be vernal and inexperient, but Abu Bakr ( RA ) would non hear a word against him. He was appointed by the Prophet SAW. There might be lifting in the state, but Abu Bakr ( RA ) would non set off the expedition to Tabuk. The Prophet SAW had ordered it. Abu Bakr ( RA ) stood alone in his love for Allah and His Apostle SAW. This was the secret of his inflexible strength. It was this interior strength that carried him through the darkest hours of his Caliphate. Abu Bakr ( RA ) was every bit sincere as he was house in religion. He lived up to every word of what he said at the beginning of his Caliphate. He was ne'er anything but the faithful agent of Allah and His Apostle, and the humblest retainer of his people. It was this fact which won him the deepest love and regard for all categories of his people. The consequence was that Islam took an firm clasp on the state of its birth. Soon it gathered adequate strength to overlap its boundaries. It struck at the two most feared powers of the clip. And lo! it was successful. Abu Bakr ( RA ) had put Islam on the route to worldwide enlargement. Islam means entire entry to the will of Allah. It means that arrant absence of all selfishness. The Holy Prophet SAW showed by his illustration how that end could be reached. He SAW showed how the power of the State should non be used for private terminals but for the public good. Abu Bakr ( RA ) was the first among his followings to populate up to the Prophet SAW 's illustration. He got no personal addition out of the Caliphate. He spent every minute of the last two old ages of life in the service of his people, but got non a penny as rewards. Abu Bakr ( RA ) had several boies and many near relations. For public offices, he did non take anyone of them. He instead chose other people who were more fit for public service. He had to put up his ain replacement to forestall wrangles. But his pick fell on none of his ain relations. His pick was instead the adult male whom he candidly believed to be the best among the Companions. All the same, he did non coerce his pick on people. He put his proposal before the Companions. When they had agreed to it, he put it before the people.In short, Abu Bakr ( RA ) showed the universe what authorities of the people, for the people, and by the people truly meant. Neither the East nor the West had of all time known such a signifier of authorities before. The mighty imperiums of Iran and Byzantium were based upon bare force.In short Abu Bakr ( RA ) kept traveling the great work of the Prophet SAW. For that he had to contend hard. He fought with a will and with a religion that amazed everyone. Islam is everlastingly thankful to him for the great services he rendered to it.Oh Allah go on to raise the rank of Hazrat Abu Bakr RA and allow us be amongst his party on the twenty-four hours of Resurrection. Ameen.

Abu Bakr

On the 6th of Dhil Qa & apos ; district attorney, the Prophet and his comrades made a pilgrim's journey to Makkah. But, to make so they had to come up with a program. It was Abu Bakr who suggested to state the Quraish, that the pilgrim's journey was purely for spiritual intents, and that there was no purpose of contending. He besides helped come up with some of the footings on the Treaty of Hudaibiya, and signed it, and this was the first existent triumph for the Muslims. It was after this pact that Islam could be spread more peacefully. The figure of new converts after the pact, was larger than the figure of converts in the 19 old ages that precede it. When the Prophet ( S ) and the comrades went to Tabuk, Hazrat Abu Bakr was the Imamat and carried the streamer of Islam. Abu Bakr was besides the first Amirul-Hajj in the history of Islam. He led the train of Muslims to Makkah.

After the decease of the Prophet Muhammad ( S ) , Abu Bakr had to take charge over the overwrought people. He told them non to idolize Prophet Muhammad ( S ) , because he is dead, and to idolize Allah ( SWT ) , because he is alive. Hazrat Abu Bakr was the first Kalipha. At the election at the Saqifa Bani Sa & apos ; dash, he was elected. They told him that he was the second of the two in the cave, and had officiated the Prophet ( S ) in taking Salah. As a Khalifa, he led the day-to-day, Friday, and Eid supplications. He was in charge of Ramadan issues, like spying the Moon, and waies on how to maintain fasts. He made agreements for Hajj. He besides commanded the Muslim ground forcess in conflict. He played a immense function in stabilising and go oning Islam. His chief undertaking was to support the capital ( Madinah ) against onslaughts. He besides brought control

Abu Bakr

On Mohammed 's decease in June 632, the hereafter of the province was unsure, but the oratory of Omar ( subsequently the 2nd calif ) persuaded the work forces of Medina to accept Abu Bakr as calif. Much of his reign was occupied with squelching rebellions. One had already broken out in Yemen, and shortly there were approximately five others in different parts of Arabia. The leaders largely claimed to be Prophetss, and the rebellions are known as `` the wars of the renunciation, '' though the implicit in grounds were chiefly political. The main conflict was that of Yamama in May 633, when Musaylima, the strongest seditious leader, was defeated and killed by a Moslem ground forces under Khalid ibn al-Walid.

Mohammed had foreseen the demand for expeditions outside Arabia to absorb the energies of his Arab Alliess and prevent their contending one another ; and Abu Bakr, despite the endangering state of affairs after Mohammed 's decease, sent an expedition from Medina toward Syria. As Arabia was pacified after the rebellions, other expeditions were sent to Iraq, so a portion of the Persian Empire, and to Syria. Shortly before Abu Bakr 's decease in August 634, his general Khalid, following a famed desert March from Iraq to Damascus, defeated a big Byzantine ground forces at Ajnadain in Palestine and gave the Arabs a bridgehead in that state. Therefore, in the short reign of Abu Bakr the embryologic Islamic province was non merely preserved integral but was launched on the motion of enlargement which produced the Arab and the Islamic imperiums.

Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr ( ä´bōō bäk´ər ) , 573–634, 1st calif, friend, father-in-law, and replacement of Muhammad. He was likely Muhammad 's first convert outside the Prophet 's household and entirely accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira. The matrimony of Abu Bakr 's girl Aishah to Muhammad made the ties even stronger. On the Prophet 's decease in 632, Umar secured Abu Bakr 's election over the tribal heads and Ali. The two old ages of his Caliphate were critical for Islam. Though he was himself fervent instead than warlike, his party crushed resistance in Arabia and began the singular extension of Islam as a universe faith. He was succeeded by Umar.

Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr & apos ; s premise of power is an highly controversial affair, and the beginning of the first split in Islam, between Sunni and Shia Islam. Shi & apos ; a believe that Muhammad & apos ; s cousin and son-in-law, Ali ibn Abu Talib, was his designated replacement, while Sunnis believe that Muhammad intentionally declined to denominate a replacement. They argue that Muhammad endorsed the traditional Arabian method of shura or audience, as the manner for the community to take leaders. Designating one & apos ; s replacement was the mark of kingship, or mulk, which the independence-minded tribesmen disliked. Whatever the truth of the affair, Ali gave his formal bay & apos ; ah, or entry, to Abu Bakr and to Abu Bakr & apos ; s two replacements. ( The Sunni depict this bay & apos ; ah as enthusiastic, and Ali as a protagonist of Abu Bakr and Umar ; the Shi & apos ; a argue that Ali & apos ; s support was merely pro forma, and that he efficaciously withdrew from public life in protest ) . The Sunni/Shi & apos ; a split did non break out into unfastened warfare until much subsequently. Many volumes have been written on the matter of the sequence. A elaborate intervention can be found at Succession to Muhammad.

After stamp downing internal discord and wholly repressing Arabia, Abu Bakr directed his generals towards the Byzantine and Sassanid imperiums. Khalid bin Walid conquered Iraq in a individual run, and a successful expedition into Syria besides took topographic point. Fred Donner, in his book The Early Islamic Conquests, argues that Abu Bakr & apos ; s `` foreign '' expeditions were simply an extension of the Ridda Wars, in that he sent his military personnels against Arab tribes populating on the boundary lines of the Fertile Crescent. Given that the steppes and comeuppances over which Arabic-speaking folk roamed extended without interruption from southern Syria down to Yemen, any civil order that controlled merely the southern portion of the steppe was inherently insecure.

Lineage and rubric

Another of Abu Bakr 's grandsons, Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, was really near to Husayn bin Ali. After Hussein ibn Ali was betrayed by the people of Kufa and killed by the Syrian Army of Yazid I, the Umayyad swayer, Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr confronted Yazid and expelled him from Iraq, southern Arabia and the greater portion of Syria, and parts of Egypt. Following a drawn-out run, on his last hr Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr asked his female parent Asma ' bint Abu Bakr, the girl of the first calif, for advice. Asma ' bint Abu Bakr replied to her boy: `` You know better in your ain ego, that if you are upon the truth and you are naming towards the truth go Forth, for people more honorable than you have been killed and if you are non upon the truth, so what an evil boy you are and you have destroyed yourself and those who are with you. If you say, that if you are upon the truth and you will be killed at the custodies of others, so you will non genuinely be free '' . Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr left and was subsequently besides killed and crucified by the Syrian Army now under the control of the Umayyads.

Early life

When Abu Bakr was 10 old ages old, he went to Syria along with his male parent with the merchandisers ' train. Muhammad, who was 12 old ages old at the clip, was besides with the train. In 591 at the age of 18, Abu Bakr went into trade and adopted the profession of cloth merchandiser, which was the household 's concern. In the coming old ages Abu Bakr traveled extensively with trains. Business trips took him to Yemen, Syria, and elsewhere. These travels brought him wealth and added to his experience. His concern flourished and he rose in the graduated table of societal importance. Though his male parent, Uthman Abu Quhafa, was still alive, he came to be recognized as head of his folk.

A narrative is preserved that one time when he was a kid, his male parent took him to the Kaaba, and asked him to pray before the graven images. His male parent went off to go to to some other concern, and Abu Bakr was left entirely with the graven images. Addressing an graven image, Abu Bakr said `` O my God, I am in demand of beautiful apparels ; confer them on me '' . The graven image remained apathetic. Then he addressed another graven image stating `` O God, give me some delightful nutrient. See that I am so hungry '' . The graven image remained cold. That exhausted the forbearance of immature Abu Bakr. He lifted a rock, and turn toing an graven image said `` Here I am taking a rock ; if you are a god protect yourself '' . Abu Bakr hurled the rock at the graven image and left the Kaaba. Thereafter, he ne'er went to the Kaaba to pray to the graven images.

Persecution by the Quraysh, 613

For three old ages after the coming of Islam, Muslims kept secret their religion, and prayed in secret. In 613 Muhammad was commanded by God to name people to Islam openly. The first public reference ask foring people to offer commitment to Muhammad was delivered by Abu Bakr. In a tantrum of rage the immature work forces of the Quraysh folk rushed at Abu Bakr, and beat him pitilessly till he lost consciousness. Following this incident Abu Bakr 's female parent converted to Islam. Abu Bakr was persecuted many times by the Quraysh. Abu Bakr 's beliefs would hold been defended by his ain kin, but non by the full Quraysh folk.

Last old ages in Mecca

In 617, the Quraysh enforced a boycott against the Banu Hashim. Muhammad along with his protagonists from Banu Hashim, were cut off in a base on balls off from Mecca. All societal dealingss with the Banu Hashim were cut away and their province was that of imprisonment. Before it many Muslims migrated to Abyssinia ( now Ethiopia ) . Abu Bakr, experiencing hard-pressed, set out for Yemen and so to Abyssinia from at that place. He met a friend of his named Ad-Dughna ( head of the Qarah folk ) outside Mecca, who invited Abu Bakr to seek his protection against the Quraysh. Abu Bakr went back to Mecca, it was a alleviation for him, but shortly due to the force per unit area of Quraysh, Ad-Dughna was forced to abdicate his protection. Once once more the Quraysh were free to oppress Abu Bakr.

Migration to Medina

In 622, on the invitation of the Muslims of Medina, Muhammad ordered Muslims to migrate to Medina. The migration began in batches. Ali was the last to stay in Mecca, entrusted with duty for settling any loans the Muslims had taken, and famously slept in the bed of Muhammad when the Quraysh led by Ikrima attempted to slay Muhammad as he slept. Meanwhile, Abu Bakr accompanied Muhammad in his migration for Medina. Due to the danger of the Quraysh, they did non take the route to Medina. They moved in the opposite way, and took safety in a cave in Jabal Thawr some five stat mis south of Mecca. `Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr, the boy of Abu Bakr, would listen to the programs and negotiations of the Quraysh, and at dark he would transport the intelligence to the runawaies in the cave. Asma bint Abi Bakr, the girl of Abu Bakr, brought them repasts every twenty-four hours. Aamir, a retainer of Abu Bakr, would convey a flock of caprine animals to the oral cavity of the cave every dark where they were milked. The Quraysh sent hunt parties in all waies. One party came near to the entryway to the cave, but was unable to spy them. Due to this, Qur'an verse 9:40 was revealed. Aisha, Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri and Abdullah ibn Abbas in construing this poetry said that Abu Bakr was the comrade who stayed with Muhammad in the cave.

Life in Medina

The clime of Mecca was dry, but the clime of Medina was moist and this adversely affected the wellness of the immigrants, so that on reaching most of them fell sick. Abu Bakr besides suffered from febrility for several yearss and during this clip he was attended to by Khaarijah and his household. At Mecca, Abu Bakr was a bargainer in fabric and he started the same concern in Medina. He was a jobber, and had his shop at Sunh, and from there cloth was supplied to the market at Medina. Soon his concern flourished at Medina. Early in 623, Abu Bakr 's girl Aisha, who was already engaged to Muhammad, was handed over to Muhammad in a simple matrimony ceremonial, and this farther strengthened the relation between Abu Bakr and Muhammad.

Battle of Badr and Uhud

In 624 Abu Bakr was involved in the first conflict between the Muslims and the Quraysh of Mecca, known as the Battle of Badr, but did non fight, alternatively moving as one of the guards of Muhammad 's collapsible shelter. In 625 he participated in the Battle of Uhud which ended in a mob by the bulk of the Muslims. Before the conflict begun, Abu Bakr 's boy Abdu'l-Rahman ibn Abu Bakr, who was still non-Muslim and was contending from the side of the Quraysh, came frontward and threw down a challenge for a affaire d'honneur. Abu Bakr accepted the challenge but was stopped by Muhammad. His boy subsequently converted to Islam and gained celebrity during the Muslim conquering of Syria as a ferocious warrior. In the 2nd stage of the conflict, Khalid ibn al-Walid’s horse attacked the Muslims from behind, altering a Muslim triumph to get the better of. Many Muslim warriors fled from the battleground due to fear or to loot the spoils of war. So did Abu Bakr, nevertheless, he was among the first to return harmonizing to few Sunni Hadith. Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Talhah and a few other Muslims remained guarding Muhammad from the onslaughts of the Quraysh soldiers, bulk of Shia and many Sunni Hadith agree to this. Criticisms of his lackluster military accomplishments in comparing with the highly complete Ali should be put into context: Abu Bakr was a in-between elderly adult male during these conflicts, was non a soldier but a merchandiser by trade, and had ne'er seen conflict before – it may therefore be unjust to straight compare him with Ali in this respect.

Battle of the Trench

In 627 he participated in the Battle of the Trench and besides in the Invasion of Banu Qurayza. In this conflict, Muhammad divided the ditch into a figure of sectors and a contingent was posted to guard each sector. One of such contingents was under the bid of Abu Bakr. The enemy made frequent assaults in the effort to traverse the ditch. All such assaults were repulsed. Abu Bakr showed great bravery in guarding the belt of the trench in his sector. To mark this event a mosque was subsequently constructed at the site where Abu Bakr had heroically repulsed the charges of the enemy. The mosque was subsequently known as 'Masjid-i-Siddiq ' .

Battle of Hunayn and Ta'if

In 630 he was portion of Battle of Hunayn and Siege of Ta'if. In the Battle of Hunayn as the Muslim ground forces passed through the vale of Hunayn some 11 stat mis north east of Mecca a rain of pointers fell on it allow loose by a group of bowmans of the hostile folks that lay hid in the mountain base on balls. Taken incognizant the beforehand guard of the Muslim ground forces fled in terror. There was considerable confusion, and the camels, Equus caballuss and work forces ran into one another in the effort to seek screen. Muhammad stood house. There were merely nine comrades around him including Abu Bakr. All the remainder had fled. Under the instructions of Muhammad, Abbas shouted at the top of his voice `` O Muslims come to the Prophet of Allah '' . The call was heard by the Muslim soldiers and they gathered beside Muhammad. When the Muslim had gathered in sufficient figure, Muhammad ordered a charge against the enemy. In the hand-to-hand battle that followed the folks were routed and they fled to Autas.

Expedition of Tabuk

In 630 AD Muhammad decided to take an expedition to Tabuk on the Syrian boundary line. In order to finance the expedition Muhammad invited parts and contributions from his followings. Uthman provided 10 thousand camels. Umar made a broad part. When Muhammad asked him how much he had left for himself and his household he said that he has given one half of his wealth for the cause of God and had left one half for himself and his dependants. Then Abu Bakr came loaded with his part and Muhammad put him the same inquiry as to how much wealth he had for himself and his household. Abu Bakr said `` I have brought all that I had. I have left Allah and His Prophet for myself and my household '' . This episode has formed the subject of one of the verse forms of Allama Iqbal. The last poetry of this poem reads:

Death of Muhammad

The good referred in the first portion means the good in the afterlife. Khalil means intimate friend. The door referred to here is the door to the mosque of Muhammad. When the febrility developed he directed Abu Bakr to travel to the war following Usama who was 18. When Muhammad died Muslims gathered in Al-Masjid al-Nabawi and there were suppressed shortness of breaths and suspirations. Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh ( a small town ) on a Equus caballus where he had been with his new married woman. He dismounted and entered the Prophet 's Mosque, but did non talk to anyone until he entered upon 'Aa'isha. He went directly to Muhammad who was covered with Hibra fabric ( a sort of Yemenite fabric ) . He so uncovered Muhammad 's face and bowed over him and kissed him and cry, stating, `` Let my male parent and female parent be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will ne'er do you to decease twice. As for the decease which was written for you, has come upon you. '' 'Umar was doing a discourse to the people stating, `` By Allah, he is non dead but has gone to his Lord as Musa ibn Imran went and remained hidden from his people for 40 yearss. Musa returned after it was said that he had died. By Allah, the Messenger of Allah will come back and he will cut off the custodies and legs of those who claim his decease. ''

Election of Abu Bakr to Caliphate

After Muhammad 's decease, antecedently hibernating tensenesss between the Meccan immigrants, the Muhajirun, and the Medinan converts, the Ansar, threatened to interrupt out and divide the Ummah. Other Arabic folks besides wished to return to local leading and split from Medina 's control. In some topographic points, people claiming prophethood started to set up leadings to oppose Medina, e.g. Al-Aswad Al-Ansi and Musaylimah. All of which are events that led to dividing the Muslim community. The Ansar, the leaders of the folks of Medina, met in a hall or house called saqifah, to discourse whom they would back up as their new leader. When Abu Bakr was informed of the meeting, he, Umar, Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah and a few others rushed to forestall the Ansar from doing a premature determination. Histories of this meeting vary greatly. All agree that during the meeting Umar declared that Abu Bakr should be the new leader, and declared his commitment to Abu Bakr, followed by Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, and therefore Abu Bakr became the first Muslim calif, and the first Muslim given the rubric Khalifa-tul-Rasul ( Successor of courier of Allah ) , a rubric accepted by Sunni Muslims.

Sunnis believe that Abu Bakr is the rightful Caliph. The Twelver Shia and the Ismaili Shia believe that Ali should hold been the first Caliph. Their chief statement is based on their reading of Hadith of the pool of Khumm. However, subsequently a minority, took this construct one measure further and besides started believing, what if history took a different class and these thoughts were subsequently adopted by some Twelver Shia and institutionalised by the Safavids in the 1500s. For the first clip in the history of Islam, the Safavids besides established a hierarchal organisation of the Shiite clergy and funded this hierarchy through the aggregation of waqf and Khums. Because of the comparative insecurity of belongings ownership in Persia, many private landholders secured their lands by donating them to the clergy as so called vaqf. They would therefore retain the official ownership and procure their land from being confiscated by royal commissioners or local governors, every bit long as a per centum of the grosss from the land went to the ulama the quasi-religious organisations run by dervishes ( futuvva ) . Increasingly, members of the spiritual category, peculiarly the mujtahids and the seyyeds, gained full ownership of these lands, and, harmonizing to modern-day historian Iskandar Munshi, Persia started to witness the outgrowth of a new and important group of landholders. From so on many seyyeds besides farther propagated the thought that Ali should hold been the first calif and that by going the first calif, Abu Bakr had broken the nexus that proved that they should hold more rights. Before that point Jafar al-Sadiq disapproved of people who disapproved of his great expansive male parent Abu Bakr the first calif.

Reign as a Caliph

Abu Bakr 's Caliphate lasted for 27 months, during which he crushed the rebellion of the Arab folk throughout the Arabian Peninsula in the successful Ridda Wars. In the last months of his regulation, he sent general Khalid ibn al-Walid on conquerings against the Sassanid Empire in Mesopotamia and against the Byzantine Empire in Syria. This would put in gesture a historical flight ( continued subsequently on by Umar and Uthman ibn Affan ) that in merely a few short decennaries would take to one of the largest imperiums in history. He had small clip to pay attending to the disposal of province, though province personal businesss remained stable during his Caliphate. On the advice of Umar and Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah he agreed to hold a wage from province exchequer and get rid of his fabric trade.

Preservation of the Qur'an

Harmonizing to Sunni Islam, Abu Bakr was instrumental in continuing the Qur'an in written signifier. It is said that after the hard-won triumph over Musaylimah in the Battle of Yamama fought in 632, Umar ( the subsequently Caliph Umar ) , saw that many of the Muslims who had memorized the Qur'an ( about 300 to 700 ) had died in conflict. Fearing that the Qur'an may be lost or corrupted, Umar requested the Caliph Abu Bakr to authorise the digest and saving of the Bibles in written format. After initial vacillation, Abu Bakr made a commission headed by Zayd ibn Thabit which included the memorisers of the Qur'an and Umar and to roll up all poetries of the book. After roll uping all Qur'anic poetries from texts in the ownership of assorted sahaba, Zayd ibn Thabit and members of his commission verified the reading by comparing with those who had memorized the Qur'an. After they were satisfied that they had non missed out any poetry or made any errors in reading or composing it down, the text was written down as one individual manuscript and presented in codex signifier to the Caliph Abu Bakr. It is believed that this procedure happened within one twelvemonth of the decease of Muhammad when most of his sahaba ( Companions ) were still alive.

Prior to his decease, Abu Bakr gave this authorised transcript of the Qur'an to Umar – his replacement as calif. It remained with him throughout his term of office as calif ( 10 old ages ) . Prior to his decease, Umar gave this book to his girl Hafsa bint Umar, who was one of the married womans of Muhammad. Umar did non put up his replacement on his deathbed, and therefore preferred to go forth this transcript with Hafsa so as non to bespeak his personal penchant of who would be the following calif. Subsequently on, it became the footing of Uthman Ibn Affan 's unequivocal text of the Qur'an which was published far and broad simply 18 old ages after the decease of Muhammad. Later historians give Uthman Ibn Affan the principal recognition for re-verification and printing the Qur'an. Twelver Shi'ites reject the thought that Abu Bakr or Umar were instrumental in the aggregation or saving of the Qur'an.

Descendantss

Today there are many households which are the posterities of Abu Bakr. Most of them are known by the name Siddiqui and al-Bakri Or al-Sideeqi ( Al-Bakri ) ( ( In Arabic ) ) . But they are besides known by some other names in different vicinities. For illustration, in East Ethiopia, Siddiqis are normally called Qallu, which means people of the faith, as they were the first to convey Islam to this country. In Somalia, they are normally known as Sheekhaal and they are good respected by other Somali kins. In Bangladesh, they are known by the name of Qureshi. There are besides Al-Sedeki or Sedeki households in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria, Yemen, Iraq and other topographic points in the Arabia Peninsula. All the posterities of Abu Bakr, their ascendants are: Abdurahman Ibn Abu Bakr and Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr. The Al-Bakri Family in Egypt are the posterities of Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr while the sheekhaal or Fiqi Umar Family found in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya and the Aala bakeri Families found in the Arabia Peninsula are the posterities of Abdurahman Ibn Abu Bakr.

Sunni position

Sunni Muslims besides consider Abu Bakr as one of The Ten Promised Paradise ( al-‘Ashara al-Mubashshara ) whom Muhammad had testified were destined for Paradise. He is regarded as the `` Successor of Allah 's Messenger '' ( Khalifa Rasulullah ) , and foremost of the Rightly Guided Caliphs – i.e. Rashidun and being the rightful replacement to Muhammad. Abu Bakr had ever been the closest friend and intimate of Muhammad throughout his life. He was ever at that place beside Muhammad at every major event. It was Abu Bakr 's wisdom that Muhammad ever honored. Abu Bakr is regarded to be among best individuals from the followings of Muhammad, as Umar ibn Khattab stated that `` If the religion of Abu Bakr was weighed against the religion of the people of the Earth, the religion of Abu Bakr would outweigh the others. ''

Shia position

After the decease of Abu Bakr, Ali raised Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr. The Twelver Shia position Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr as one of the comrades of Ali. When Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr was killed by the Ummayads Aisha the married woman of Muhammad, besides a celebrated bookman of her clip, raised and taught her nephew Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakrs female parent was from Alis household and Qasims girl Farwah bint al-Qasim was married to Muhammad al-Baqir and was the female parent of Jafar al-Sadiq. Therefore, Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr was the expansive boy of Abu Bakr the first calif and the expansive male parent of Jafar al-Sadiq. Jafar al-Sadiq disapproved of people who said anything bad about his great expansive male parent Abu Bakr the first calif. Zaydis, the largest group amongst the Shia before the Safavid Dynasty and presently the 2nd largest group, believe that on the last hr of Zayd ibn Ali ( the uncle of Jafar al-Sadiq ) , he was betrayed by the people in Kufa who said to him: `` May God have mercy on you! What do you hold to state on the affair of Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab? '' Zayd ibn Ali said, `` I have non heard anyone in my household abdicating them both nor stating anything but good about them.when they were entrusted with authorities they behaved rightly with the people and acted harmonizing to the Qur'an and the Sunnah ''

The First Caliph of Islam

Abu Bakr was ever really near to the sanctum Prophet. He knew him better than any other adult male. He knew how honorable and unsloped his friend had ever been. So he was the first among work forces to believe in the Prophet 's mission. He was the first grownup male to accept Islam. After the first revalation, the sanctum Prophet told him what had happened at Mount Hira. He told him that Allah had made him His Messenger. Abu Bakr did non halt to believe. He at one time became a Muslim. Once the holy Prphet himself remarked, `` I called people to Islam. Everybody thought over it, at least for a piece. But this was non the instance with Abu Bakr. The minute I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any vacillation. ''

Abu Bakr happened to see this from a distance. He at one time ran to the aid of the Prophet. He pushed Abu Jahl aside and took off the fabric from around the sanctum Prophet 's cervix. Thereupon Abu Jahl and other enemies of Islam came down upon Abu Bakr. They beat him really much. Indeed, the whipping was so terrible that Abu Bakr fell down senseless. He was carried place. He could non recover his senses till after several hours. And when he did come to himself, the first inquiry he asked was, `` Is the Prophet un-hurt? '' Abu Bakr did non care for his ain agony. He was glad that he was able to salvage the Prophet 's life. Abu Bakr knew full good that if any injury came to the Prophet, the lone hope of world would be gone. This made him put on the line everything he held beloved, for the safety of the Prophet and for the spread of his message.

Abu Bakr 's wealth came to the deliverance of many incapacitated Muslim slaves. He bought them from their inhuman Masterss and put them free. Bilal, the Black, was one of such slaves. He was the slave of Omayya bin Khalaf. Omayya was a hardhearted adult male. He would deprive Bilal of all apparels, make him lie on the combustion sand at mid-day and so lash him pitilessly. Despite this anguish Bilal would travel on stating, `` Allah is one! Allah is one! '' One twenty-four hours Abu Bakf happened to go through by. He was greatly moved by the sight. `` Why are you so cruel to this helpless adult male? '' he asked Omayya. `` If you feel for him, why do n't you purchase him? '' retored Omayya. So Abu Bakr at one time bought Bilal at a heavy monetary value and set him free. Bilal afterwards became the well-known `` Muazzin '' at the Prophet 's Mosque.

Ever since he came to Medina, the holy Prophet himself led supplications in the Prophet 's Mosque. It was an remarkably high office which the Messenger of Allah himself filled. During his last unwellness, the sanctum Prophet could no longer lead supplications. He grew excessively weak to travel to the mosque. He had to name person to move in his topographic point. This award besides fell to the batch of Abu Bakr. Aisha, who was Abu Bakr 's girl and a married woman of the sanctum Prophet, thought that the load was excessively much for her tender-hearted male parent. She pleaded with the sanctum Prophet to pardon here father from this responsibility. But the holy Prophet did non alter his head.

The two large groups among Moslems were the Muhajirin ( refugees from Mecca ) and the Ansar ( assistants or the people of Medina ) . The Ansar gathered together at Thaqifa Bani Saida, their meeting topographic point, near the house of Saad bin Abada. The talk of course centered around the election of a Caliph. Saad, the Ansar leader, stood up and said that the Caliph must be from among them. Many voices seconded him. One adult male, nevertheless, stood up and said, `` But how about the Muhajirin? They have possibly a better claim. '' `` Then allow at that place be two calif, '' suggested person, `` one from among the Ansar and the other from among the Muhajirin. ''

A bu Bakr shortly found the state in the clasp of a civil war. The outlying states, like Nejd, were the first to make problem. They had accepted Islam when it seemed to be the lone safest manner to follow. They knew nil of the true spirit of Islam. For centuries they had known no outside authorization. They were wont to be every bit free as the air currents that sweep across the desert. Islam put them under subject. They had to populate by the moral Torahs of Islam. The imbibing and gaming of the `` yearss of ignorance '' were no more. The wild spirit of the desert rebelled against this moral control. It saw its oppurtunity in the decease of the holy Prophet. Now was the clip to throw off the yoke of Islam.

`` I request the soldiers of Islam to fear Allah, under all conditions. They should make their best to obey the commandments of Allah. They should contend against those who have left Islam and have fallen in the trap of the Satan. But before taking out blades, they must declare the message of Islam. If the deserters accept it, they must at one time hold back their custodies. But if the message is rejected, they must assail and contend till these people give up incredulity. When the deserters re-enter the crease of Islam, the commanding officer of the Muslim ground forces must explicate to them their rights and responsibilities under Islam. They should be given their rights and should be made to make their responsibilities. The commanding officer should maintain his work forces from headlong action and mischievousness. He should avoid a hasty dip into enemy colonies. He should instead come in them after doing certain of all safeguards, lest Muslims suffer a loss. Whether he is on the March of in the cantonment, the commanding officer should be sort and considerate towards his work forces. He should look to their comfort and should be soft in address. ''

The decease of the holy Prophet gave Musailma the oppurtunity. He collected a big ground forces. This ground forces had first to cover with an impostress - Sajah by name. She ws a Christian. After the decease of the sanctum Prophet, she laid claim to prophethood, `` why should all Prophetss be work forces? '' she said. `` In me Allah has now sent a adult female prophesier. '' She raised a large ground forces and was processing towards Medina. On the manner she came across Musailma 's forces. The astute impostor at one time saw that Sajah was a serious challenger. He besides felt that he could non get the better of her on the battleground. So he started a love matter, Sajah easy fell into the trap. The two were married. Now Musailma had a immense ground forces, 4,000 strong, under his bid.

The battalion under Ikrama bin Abu Jahl was to assail Musailma. The battalion under Shurjil was to reenforce it. Ikrama had orders to wait for the support. But, trusting to acquire the whole recognition for himself, Ikrama did non wait for Shurjil. He attacked Musailma and was severely beaten. The intelligence made Abu Bakr sad. He at one time wrote to Khalid bin Walid to cover with Musailma. The combined battalions of Khalid and Shurjil now fell upon the impostor. Musailma fought desperatley. Once his work forces reached the really collapsible shelter of Khalid. But Khalid kept his nervus. He rallied his work forces and himself led a concluding onslaught. Confounded by the abruptness of the onslaught, Musailma 's work forces took to flight. The impostor and a few of his comrades hid themselves in a bastioned garden but the Muslim warriors threw unfastened the Gatess. The ill-famed impostor and his friends were all put to the blade. Among those who killed Musailma was Wahshi, the Blacks slave who had killed Hamza, the uncle of the holy Prophet at Ohud. He had done this to win his freedom. Hind, the married woman of Abu Sufyan, had promised to purchase him his freedom if he slew Hamza. After the autumn of Mecca, Wahshi became a Muslim. The Holy Prophet forgave him but said, `` Please Wahshi, maintain out of my sight. You remind me of my beloved uncle. ''

There was, nevertheless, another of import factor which helped Abu Bakr. This was Khalid bin Walid, the greatest general of Islam. His tact and bravery made the little forces of Islam expression 10 times stronger. The consequences were merely amazing. With a smattering of military personnels Khalid was able non merely to get the better of all internal enemies but besides to do Arabia safe for Islam. He was so able to leap on Iraq and win it for Islam. From Iraq he marched against the Byzantine forces and set them to expel. All this took topographic point in the infinite of two old ages. Throughout the run non even one time did Khalid meet with a contrary. By forced Marches, he frequently gave a surprise to the enemy and did non rest boulder clay he overpowered them. This made Khalid the apprehension of the enemy. The truth is that Khalid 's feats put to dishonor the triumphs of an Alexander or a Napolean.

So four immense ground forcess were sent by the emperor to contend the Muslims. His ain brother was taking one of the ground forcess. Each ground forces was several times more legion than the Muslim ground forces it had to contend. This made the Muslim commanding officers give thought to the affair. They met together for common advocate. One of them pinpointed the foolishness of contending individually. `` We will be crushed under the sheer weight of Numberss, '' he said, `` if we fight individually. '' The other generals saw the point. They agreed upon a program to unify the four battalions into a individual ground forces. Therefore, they thought, the Muslim ground forces would halt looking excessively little in its ain eyes. They informed the Caliph of their determination. He approved of it and sent the following written message:

Now Khalid fell on the enemy infrantry. THe shield of the horse being no more, the foot was take by surprise. In arrant confusion it fell back. But the mountain blocked the manner. In desperation work forces ran back to the river. Here a watery decease awaited them. Most of the work forces had tied themselves with Fe ironss to govern out the possibility of flight. The ironss proved traps of decease. When a few of the work forces fell into the river, they besides dragged their comrades into the watery grave. Harmonizing to one estimation, one hundred and twenty 1000 of them were drowned in the river. The Byzantine mob was complete. The Muslims loss was three 1000 killed.

`` Omar! I have nominated you my replacement. My parting advice is that you fear Allah and work for the wellbeing of the Muslims. Remember, Omar, the responsibilities you own to Allah are to be discharged at the proper clip. Some of these are to be discharged at dark and some during the twenty-four hours clip. First things must come foremost. On the Day of Judgment merely those will come out successful whose good workss are weighty. Those whose evil deeds out-weigh the good workss, will hold a awful clip. For success and redemption, you have to do the Qur'an and the truth your ushers. You know, Omar, that the poetries of the Qur'an speak of good wages and punishment side by side. This is to set the fright of Allah in the truster 's bosom and to do him pray for forgiveness. Omar, when you read in the Qur'an about the inmate of fire, pray to Allah non to do you one of them. But when you read about the inhabitants of Paradise, pray for being one of them Omar, if you follow the way I have chalked out field-grade officer ryou, you will happen me by your side. ''

Her Baronial state of affairss during Hijrah

Asmâ’ was called Zât an-Nitâqayn ( the owner of the two scarves ) because she split her scarf into two parts in order to present nutrient and H2O to the Prophet ( pbuh ) and her male parent, Abu Bakr in the Thawr cave when immigrating to Medina. When the Prophet ( pbuh ) set out for Medina accompanied by Asmâ’s male parent, the latter took all what he had of belongings and left nil to his household. Then Abu Quhafa, Asmâ’s gramps came to her and said, “This adult male ( Abu Bakr ) put you in hardship. He deprived you of himself and property.” Asma’ courageously replied, “No, He left so much to us.” She covered some rocks and brought them to her blind expansive male parent and said, “This is what he left.” Thereby, the old adult male said, “There is no incrimination if left that.”

Abu Bakr was the lone one accompanied the Prophet during Hijrah. They concealed themselves in the cave of Thawr three stat mis from Makka, for three darks, with the enemy prowling about in great Numberss in bootless hunt of them. Asmâ’ , the girl of Abu Bakr provided them with nutrient and H2O during their stay at that place. Abu Jahl came ferocious and enraged with choler to implement Asma’ to state him the concealed topographic point of her male parent. But she kept soundless and faced him courageously. Failing to do her confess, he slapped her so violently that her necklace fell down. Then he had nil to make but to go forth enraged with choler. Asmâ’ shortly joined the Muslim community at Medina. No Oklahoman did she get at that place than she gave birth to her boy, Abdullah, the first newborn Muslim in Medina.

An Example of Good Wife

At the beginning of her matrimonial life she was so hapless that she had to function her hubby, Az-Zubair ibn al-Awwam, bake the staff of life, clean the place and feed the Equus caballus. Narrated Asmâ’ bint Abu Bakr: When Az-zubair married me, he had non existent belongings or anything else except a camel, which drew H2O from the well, and his Equus caballus. I used to feed his Equus caballus with fresh fish and drew H2O and run up the pail for pulling it, and fix the dough, but I did non cognize how to bake staff of life. So our ansari neighbouress used to bake staff of life for me, and they were honest ladies. I used to transport the day of the month rocks on my caput from Zubair’s land to him by Allah’s Messenger and this land was two 3rd Farsakh ( About two stat mis ) from my house. One twenty-four hours, while I was coming with the day of the month rocks on my caput, I met Allah’s Messenger along with some Ansari people. He called me and so, ( directing his camel to kneel down ) said, “Ikh! Ikh! ” so as to do me sit behind him ( on his camel ) . I felt diffident to go with the work forces and remembered Az- Zubair and his sense of Ghira ( being covetous ) , for he had the greatest sense of Ghira of all the people. Allah’s Messenger ( pbuh ) noticed that I felt diffident, so he proceeded. I came to Az-Zubair and said, “I met Allah’s Messenger ( pbuh ) while I was transporting a burden of day of the month rocks on my, and he had some comrades with him. He made his camel kneel down so that I might sit, but I felt shy in his presence and remembered your sense of Ghira. On that Az-Zubair said, “By Allah, your transporting the date-stones ( and you being seen by the Prophet ( pbuh ) in such a province ) is more black to me than your siting with him. ( i.e. You should hold obeyed the Prophet ) . '” ( I continued functioning in this manner ) untill Abu Bakr sent me a retainer to look after the Equus caballus, whereupon I felt as if he had set me free.” Subsequently on Za-Zubayr became a affluent adult male. His belongings was sold after his decease for about 40 million dirhams. She was so generous that when droping ailment she would wait until she recovered and so liberate her slaves.

Her Bravery & Patience

She took portion in the conflict of Yarmuk and fought courageously. She besides kept a sticker to support herself when stealers appeared in Medina at the clip of Sa’id Ibn Al-‘As. As for her fortitude, it can be represented in her words to her boy, ‘Abdullah when confer withing her about Al-Hajjaj besieging to Mecca. She was a hundred old ages old and was blind by so. ‘Abdullah addressed her expression, “O female parent, the people abandoned me ; merely a few of them who still back up me. However, they could no longer contend than an hr on my part.” The other party offers to give me whatever I ask of worldly benefits. What do you see, fuss? She replied, “You know yourself best. If you realized that you are right and naming for the truth, you would break travel on. It is the issue for which your chaps passed off. Do non give up your cervix to Banu Umayyah to play it. But if you merely wanted a worldly benefit you would be the worst adult male who demolished himself and his fellows.’ Abdullah said, “By Allah, this is besides my sentiment, mother.” But I fear to surfer crucifixion after death.” She replied, “Skinning a slaughtered caprine animal does non convey it pain.” Off you go and seek Allah’s help.”

When nearing to encompass him she found him have oning a shield. She said ; “This is non the behaviour of whoever wants what you want! ” Therefore, he took off his shield and went frontward to contend. He kept contending until he was killed. Al-Hajjaj issued a bid to hold him crucified. Then he came to Asmâ’ and said, “O female parent, the leader of the truster commended me to handle you good. Do you desire any thing? She replied, “I am non your female parent. I am merely the female parent of this crucified man.” Then she said, I heard the Messenger of Allah ( pbuh ) as stating, “There will be in Thaqeef a prevaricator and a destroyer.” We knew the prevaricator and there still you the destroyer. In another version when Al-Hajjaj came to Asmâ’ he said, “How did I penalize your boy, Asmâ’ ! ? ” She replied softly, “You spoiled his life but he spoiled your next.”

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Abu Bakr was the first calif and shared an ascendant on the paternal side with the Prophet ( Peace be upon him ) . The calif was besides the male parent in jurisprudence to the Prophet who had married his girl Aisha. After the passing of the Prophet, the established Muslim community was under menace, with different groups wishing to interrupt away. Persons within powerful households appointed themselves leaders and sought to set up their authorization, nevertheless, it was known that the likely replacements were either Abu Bakr harmonizing to the Sunnis or Ali harmonizing to the Shia. Given Ali’s immature age and the demand to unite the Muslim community, Abu Bakr was installed as the Caliph.

First Caliph ( 573-634 C.E. ) Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) is the biggest personality in Muslims after the Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) and Messengers of ALLAH. He is one of the Companions of Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) , who was give the wages of Heaven in the universe by the Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . He was born in Amul-Feel, ( an Abyssinian Christian General named Abraha Came to assail Makkah with an ground forces of some 60,000 work forces and several elephants ) , i.e. after 2-1/4 old ages in Makkah in 573 C.E. Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) was named as Abdullah. Abu Bakr was his Patronymic name ( Kynniya ) , ( a sir name which is normally derived from the name of the first boy or girl harmonizing to Muslim traditions ) . He was the most respectful and attractive personality in Makkah before encompassing Islam. He use to be respected by all due to His low and pious character. Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) was the first individual to encompass Islam in the ( in the work forces ) . He was the most sure comrade of the Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) and besides earned the rubric of `` As-Siddiq '' ( the most true and sincere individual in religion ) from the Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . He entirely accompanied amongst all the comrades with the Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) , during migration from Makkah to Madinah. He participated in all the conflicts of Islam with Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . History notes that He donated all the families and the belongings whenever Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) desired to make so in the manner of ALLAH. Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) was the lone 1 who led 17-18 Salah supplications in the life-time of Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) due to sickness of Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) continued His Caliphate for about 2 old ages after the decease of Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . He executed the order and sent `` Lashkar-e-Usama '' against the Kuffars on the last orders given by Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . He made a call for Jihad against those Moslems who after the decease of Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) , over-rided the regulation to give Zakat. Yes! , this was Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) who cut their cervixs with a group of Sahabah ( r.a ) and told the ground why He is traveling to make this as ; `` These are the 1s who will allow down the pillars of Islam tomorrow '' . A individual named Musaylma Kazzab, claimed himself to be a Prophet of ALLAH. Hazrat Abu Bakr ( r.a ) warned him for this false attitude and when the bounds exceeded, was being sentenced on the orders of Hazrat Abu Bakr ( r.a ) , as a `` Murtid '' . Hazrat Abu Bakr ( r.a ) breathed his last on the 22nd Jamadi-us-Saani of 13 Hijri. He is buried following to the side of the Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) . Sayings of Prophet Muhammad ( s.a.w.w ) : 1. Abu Bakr except from all Nebiims are supreme in all human existences. ( Tibrani ) 2. The most merciful on my Ummah, in my Ummah, is Abu Bakr. ( Tirimzi ) 3. Oh Abu Bakr! , you will be my comrade on the pool of Heaven as you were besides my comrade in the cave. ( Tirimzi ) 4. Tell Abu Bakr from my side to offer Salat to people ( Muslims ) . ( Bukhari, Muslim, Tirimzi, Ibn-e-Majah ) 5. I do n't cognize uptil when I remain with you, so follow the 1s ( who will go Caliphs ) after me. . And follow the manner of Ammar and the words that Abdullah bin Masood Tell you, verify it. ( Tirimzi ) Note: In every Arabic Madrasa, a book named `` Husami '' is being taught to the Alims. There comes a subject called as `` Ijm'a '' . It is `` Ijm'a '' that: `` The 1 who do n't accept Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( r.a ) as the First Caliph, denying `` Ijm'a '' is a `` Kafir '' .

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( Ra )

The personal name of Hazrat Abu Bakr ( Ra ) was Abdullah, but based on his son’s name, Bakr, he was known as Abu Bakr. His male parent was known as Abu Qahafah and his female parent as Ummul Khair Salma. He was born in 572AD in Mecca. He was a close friend of the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) . He was the first among work forces to corroborate the truth of the claim of the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) and therefore earned the rubric Siddiq. He was in the company of the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) during his migratory journey ( Hijrah ) from Mecca to Medina. He was the lone comrade of the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) in the Cave Thaur, where they both took safety during this journey.

During the last yearss of his life, the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) had raised an ground forces to be sent against the Romans who had made some incursions into the Northern boundary lines. This ground forces was still in Medina when the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) passed off. As Hazrat Abu Bakr ( Ra ) became Khalifah, the jurisprudence and order state of affairs within and outside the Medina became really delicate. In position of this grace danger, many Companions of Holy Prophet ( proverb ) advised him non to direct the ground forces against Romans. But Hazrat Abu Bakr ( Ra ) replied forcefully, “What authorization has the Son of Abu Qahafah, to halt that which was started by the Holy Prophet ( proverb ) . The Muslim ground forces, under the bid of Hazrat Khalid bin Walid ( Ra ) , crushed a rebellion in Bahrain. Then the Persians were defeated, who had supported the Rebels of Bahrain. The Muslim Army besides defeated the Roman forces in the conflicts of Ajnadan and Yarmuk, and therefore the whole of Syria came under the control of the Islamic province.

Abu Bakr As Siddiq ( RA )

Narrated Abu Huraira I heard Allah’s Apostle SAW stating, “Anybody who spends a brace of something in Allah’s Cause will be called from all the Gatess of Paradise, “O Allah’s slave! This is good.’ He who is amongst those who pray will be called from the gate of the supplication ( in Paradise ) and he who is from the people of Jihad will be called from the gate of Jihad, and he who is from those’ who give in charity ( i.e. Zakat ) will be called from the gate of charity, and he who is amongst those who observe fast will be called from the gate of fasting, the gate of Raiyan.” Abu Bakr said, “He who is called from all those Gatess will necessitate nil, ” He added, “Will anyone be called from all those Gatess, O Allah’s Apostle? ” He said, “Yes, and I hope you will be among those, O Abu Bakr.” Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 57 Hadith 18

Dakwah attempts He was active in the call of people to Islam, and the people who accepted his call to Islam included Uthman bin Affan RA, who would subsequently be the 3rd of the Rightly Guided Caliphs. His transition to Islam had an immediate reverberation on his flourishing concern, which suffered a great trade. Yet, he still spent a great portion of his wealth to relieve the agonies of the Muslims in hurt, including the release of many slaves who had accepted Islam. The most celebrated of these was of class Bilal RA, whose freedom Abu Bakr purchased while Bilal was being badly tortured by the non-believers for declining to abdicate his monotheism.

When the state of affairss of the early Muslims in Mecca became intolerable, it was decided that they would migrate to Medina ( so known as Yathrib ) , in batches, to get down a new life in another metropolis. Abu Bakr sought permission to migrate, but the Prophet SAW bade him to wait so that it was possible for him to hold a comrade when he himself migrated. Both of them were among the last to go forth Mecca, one time it was clear that the bulk of the Muslims had safely been evacuated from Mecca and were out of at hand danger. With each passing twenty-four hours, the hazard of danger on those who remained increased. Abu Bakr knew that that the migration to Medina would be paved with adversity, danger and hazard, non least because of the blackwash effort plotted against the Messenger.

The Cave of Thawr Alternatively of taking the obvious path to Medina, they alternatively headed towards the opposite way in order to throw off their chasers. They so took safety in the Cave of Thawr, where they spent three darks. Upon come ining, the Prophet SAW, profoundly exhausted by the backbreaking journey, instantly laid his caput in Abu Bakr’s lap and fell asleep. Suddenly, a Scorpio ( and some studies say toxicant insect ) stung Abu Bakr’s pes. Alternatively of squinching or shouting out in hurting, Abu Bakr remained still and mutely bore the immense hurting, so as non to interrupt the Prophet’s SAW slumber. Can you conceive of his devotedness to the Messenger SAW? It was Abu Bakr’s tears falling on the Prophet’s SAW face that caused him to wake up.

Father-in-law of the Prophet After the deceases of Abu Talib and Khadija, Abu Bakr tried to comfort the Prophet SAW during his mourning, and spent most of his clip in the Prophet SAW’s company. He tried to make full the vacuity created by these deceases. Much later, it was suggested by Khawla bint Hakim that Abu Bakr should offer his girl Aisha for matrimony to the Prophet SAW. This petition, while good received, proved to be diplomatically delicate, for Aisha was already engaged to Jubayr ibn Mut’im. However, this job solved itself, as battle was repudiated by the possible groom’s household on history of their incredulity in Islam. Thus, a simple ceremonial was conducted to observe Aisha’s battle to the Prophet SAW, although the matrimony ceremonial was held old ages subsequently. In this manner, Abu Bakr’s affinity with the Prophet SAW was cemented through the ties of matrimony, and he was elated at the honor of being the Prophet’s male parent in jurisprudence.

In Sahih Muslim Book 1 Hadith 0029: Umar b. Khattab said to Abu Bakr: Why would you contend against the people, when the Messenger of Allah declared: I have been directed to contend against people so long as they do non state: There is no God but Allah, and he who professed it was granted full protection of his belongings and life on my behalf except for a right? His ( other ) personal businesss rest with Allah. Upon this Abu Bakr said: By Allah, I would decidedly contend against him who severed supplication from Zakat, for it is the duty upon the rich. By Allah, I would contend against them even to procure the cord ( used for limping the pess of a camel ) which they used to give to the Messenger of Allah ( as zakat ) but now they have withheld it. Umar b. Khattab remarked: By Allah, I found nil but the fact that Allah had opened the bosom of Abu Bakr for ( comprehending the justification of ) contending ( against those who refused to pay Zakat ) and I to the full recognized that the ( base of Abu Bakr ) was right.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA )

Other Virtues of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) mentioned in the Holy Quran Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) accompanied the Prophet ( PBUH ) during the Hijrah ( migration to Madina ) , as Allah says ( reading of the significance ) : “If you help him ( Muhammad ) non ( it does non count ) , for Allah did so assist him when the nonbelievers drove him out, the second of the two ; when they ( Muhammad and Abu Bakr ) were in the cave, he said to his comrade ( Abu Bakr ) : ‘Be non sad ( or afraid ) , certainly, Allah is with us.’ Then Allah sent down His Sakeenah ( composure, repose, peace ) upon him, and strengthened him with forces ( angels ) which you saw non, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while the Word of Allah that became the uppermost ; and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”

Al-Lail. The undermentioned poetries in the Sura “Al-Lail” refer to Abu Bakr: “Those who spend their wealth for addition in self-purification and have in their heads no favour from any one, for which a wages is expected in return, but merely the desire to seek the visage of their Lord, Most High and shortly will they achieve complete satisfaction.” { 92:18-21 } “He who gives in charity, and frights Allah and in all earnestness testifies to the best, We will so, do smooth for him, the way to bliss” . { 92:1-7 } Al-Ahzab. When the poetry “Surely Allah and His angels bless the Prophet” { 33:56 } was revealed, Abu Bakr inquired of the Holy Prophet whether he was included in the Godhead grace which was bestowed on the Holy Prophet. It was on this that the undermentioned poetry was revealed which contains an implied mention to Abu Bakr: “He it is, Who sends His approvals on him, and so make His angels that He may convey him away out of arrant darkness into light, and He is merciful to the believers’ . { 33:43 } . Al-lmran. The observers are agreed that the undermentioned poetry of Sura “Al-lmran” refers to Abu Bakr and Umar ( RA ) : “And take advocate with them in the affair” . ( 3:158 )

Virtues of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) mentioned by the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) himself The Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) showered such high exalted congratulations for his darling comrade Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) as mentioned below: “When I invited people towards Allah, everybody thought over it and hesitated, at least for a piece, except Abu Bakr ( RA ) who accepted my call the minute I put it before him, and he did non waver even for a moment.” “Had I made anyone my friend except Allah, I would hold chosen Abu Bakr ( RA ) .” “It is incumbent upon my Ummah to love Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) and be grateful to him”

Virtues of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) mentioned by Companions of the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar ( may Allah be pleased with him ) said: “We used to compare the people as to who was better at the clip of the Messenger of Allah ( peace and approvals of Allah be upon him ) . We used to see Abu Bakr as the best, so ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, so ‘Usman ibn ‘Affaan ( may Allah be pleased with them ) .” Narrated by al-Bukhari, 3655. Harmonizing to another study he said: “At the clip of the Prophet ( peace and approvals of Allah be upon him ) we did non see anyone as equal with Abu Bakr, so ‘Umar ( RA ) , so ‘Usman, so we left the comrades of the Prophet ( peace and approvals of Allah be upon him ) and we did non distinguish between them.” Al-Bukhari, 2679. This is testimony of all the Sahabah, narrated by ‘Abd-Allah ibn Umar ( RA ) , that Abu Bakr was superior to all the Sahabah, followed by Umar ( RA ) , so Usman.

Engagement in the Holy Wars He fought in about all the conflicts along with the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) . In the first conflict of Islam at Badr he was with the Holy Prophet like a shadow. His ain boy, who had non embraced Islam by that clip, was contending on the side of Quraish. After he accepted Islam he said to Abu Bakr one twenty-four hours, “Dear father! I found you twice under my blade at Badr but I could non raise my manus because of my love for you”.”If I had got a chance” , Abu Bakr replied, “I would hold killed you” . It was Abu Bakr’s suggestion on which the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) decided to let go of the captives of war after taking ransom.

Early on in the forenoon of the last twenty-four hours of his life, the Holy Prophet’s status became all of a sudden better for a piece. As the flat was merely bordering the Mosque, he raised the drape and observed the Muslims busy in Salat under the Imamat ( leading ) of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) . A smiling lit up the pale face of the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) . Sing the mark of the Holy Prophet’s recovery the people in the Mosque lost control over themselves in sheer delectation. They might hold fallen out of the file but the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) asked Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) to take the Salat and he went indoors and allow the drape autumn

“O Peoples! If any one of you worshipped Muhammad ( PBUH ) he should bear in head that Muhammad is dead. But those who worshipped Allah should cognize that He is Alive and will ne'er decease. Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: “Muhammad is merely a Messenger of Allah. There came down a figure of Messengers before him. Then would you turn back from Islam, if he dies or is killed? ” The reference of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) touched the Black Marias of the people. Hadrat Umar ( RA ) besides cooled down. Hadrat ‘Abdullah says, “It seemed that the poetry of the Holy Qur’an to which Abu Bakr referred was merely revealed, although we had recited it several times in the past”

Problems faced by Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) As-Siddiq as a Caliph After the decease of the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) , the Arabs were on all sides lifting in rebellion. Apostasy and alienation raised their caputs. Christians and Jews were filled with agitation. Some Muslim folks refused to pay Zakat to the Caliph for “Baitul Mal” ( the Public Treasury ) . Some nonbelievers declared themselves to be Prophetss. There were many jobs and much confusion. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq ( RA ) faced and handled all these with alone bravery and the highest grade of Iman ( Faith ) which is the feature of a “SIDDIQ” .

Collection of the Holy Qur’an One of the greatest services rendered to Islam by Abu Bakr ( R.A. ) was the aggregation of the Holy Qur’an. There were 100s of Huffaz ( i.e. , those who committed the whole Holy Qur’an to memory ) among the Companions during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) but it had non been compiled in book signifier though its memorisation continued even after the decease of the Holy Prophet ( PBUH ) . In assorted conflicts which took topographic point against Rebels and false Prophetss, a figure of Huffaz Companions were martyred. In the conflict against Musailimah al-Khazzab about 70 Huffaz had died.

As-Siddiq al-Akbar base on ballss off After a fortnight’s unwellness, As-Siddiq al-Akbar passed off at the age of 61 on Tuesday, the 22nd Jamadal-Akhira, 13 A.H. ( 23rd August 634 A.D. ) . Before his decease he said to his girl Hazrat ‘A’isha ( RA ) , “Do non utilize new fabric for my shroud. Wash the sheet in my usage and wrap my cadaver in it” . His want was acted upon. His following want was to pay all the money he got as wage for Caliph from “Baitul Mal” ( The Public Treasury ) after selling his garden. He said, I did non like to take anything from the “Baitul Mal but Umar ( RA ) pressed me to accept some allowance so that I would be relieved of my business and give my full clip to the responsibilities of the Khilafat ( Caliphate ) . I was left no pick but to accept the offer” . After his decease ‘A’isha asked Hadrat Umar ( RA ) to take over that garden as desired by her male parent. Umar ( RA ) remarked: “May Allah bless him. He left no opportunity for anybody to open his lips against him” .

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq, The First Caliph of Islam

Abu Bakr was ever really near to the sanctum Prophet. He knew him better than any other adult male. He knew how honorable and unsloped his friend had ever been. So he was the first among work forces to believe in the Prophet & apos ; s mission. He was the first grownup male to accept Islam. After the first revalation, the sanctum Prophet told him what had happened at Mount Hira. He told him that Allah had made him His Messenger. Abu Bakr did non halt to believe. He at one time became a Muslim. Once the holy Prphet himself remarked, `` I called people to Islam. Everybody thought over it, at least for a piece. But this was non the instance with Abu Bakr. The minute I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any vacillation. ''

Biography of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique ( Radi Allah Unho )

Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq Radhi Allah Anhu Birth & Name He is Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq, besides spelt ‘Siddique’ ; his existent name is Abdullah ibn Abi Quhafa. His father’s name was Usman Abu Quhafa, and his mother’s name was Salma, nicknamed Ummul Khayr ( female parent of goodness ) . After his transition to his Islam, he became famously known by the rubric as-Siddiq, intending ‘the truthful’ , which is an honor given to him by the Beloved Messenger of Allah for his firm avowal of Prophethood.1 He was besides known by the fond moniker of Ateeq, intending ‘the freed one’ , which is reportedly in mention to Prophet’s statement that he is free from the Fire. 2Tirmidhi & Imam al-Hakim narrate that Sayyida Aisha said, “Abu Bakr entered upon the Messenger of Allah, who said, ‘Abu Bakr, you are the one Allah has freed from the Fire.’ From that twenty-four hours, he was known as Ateeq.” Some other studies besides claim that this name was given to him due to the beauty of his visage, such as that of Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Abbas who said, “He was merely called Ateeq because of the beauty of his face.” 3 Imam al-Tabarani He was born two old ages and several months after the Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him, in the blest metropolis of Makkah. He was of baronial and affluent descent, and of the Quraysh folk. Traced back, his family tree connects with that of the Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him. 4 Both family trees connect at the common ascendant Murrah ibn Kaa’b, in this mode: • Genealogy of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq: - boy of Usman ; boy of Amir ; boy of Amr ; boy of Kaab ; boy of Saa’d ; boy of Taym ; boy of Murrah. • Genealogy of the Beloved Messenger of Allah: - boy of Abdullah ; boy of Abdul Muttalib ; boy of Hashim ; boy of Abd Manaf ; boy of Qusayy ; boy of Kilab ; boy of Murrah. Early Life Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq resided in Makkah, and merely left the metropolis for trade intents. He was really affluent and respected amongst the Arabs. He was besides one of the heads and counselors of the Quraysh, who admired him and held him in high regard. When the visible radiation of Islam began to boom, he gave up this life of comfort and repute for the love of the truth brought by the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him. He was one of the most abstentious work forces during the period of jahiliyyah. He ne'er composed poesy, and he abandoned intoxicant due to his willingness to protect his ain honor. This was even before the coming of Islam and its Torahs. as-Siddiq Embraces Islam He was the first adult male to encompass Islam. It is reported that he did non waver to accept Islam upon the Beloved Messenger of Allah’s invitation ; such was his crisp acknowledgment of the truth, and his earnestness in seeking it. The Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him, said, “I have ne'er invited anyone to Islam except that he had an antipathy to it, and indecision and deliberation, except for Abu Bakr. He did non detain when I reminded him, and he was non irresolute.” 5 Ibn Ishaq, narrated by Sayyidina Mohammad b. Abdur Rahman b. Abdullah b. al-Husayn b. al-Tamimi Imam Bayhaqi provinces, sing Sayyidina Abu Bakr’s fleet credence of Islam: “This was because he used to see the cogent evidence of the Prophethood of the Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him, and hear the hints of it before his invitation ( to Islam ) , so that when he invited him, he had already reflected and thought about it, and he submitted and accepted Islam at once.” The Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him, said, “I ne'er spoke to anyone about Islam but that they refused me and rejected my words, except for the boy of Abu Quhafa. I ne'er spoke to him about something but that he accepted it and was steadfast in it.” 6 Imam Abu Nu’aym, Imam ibn Asakir The Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him, said, “I said, ‘People, I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, ’ and you said, ‘You are lying.’ Abu Bakr said, ‘You have told the truth.’” 7 Bukhari, narrated by Sayyidina Abu Darda Wealth & Generosity Allah Most High says: “And he will be averted from it ( the Fire ) who has the most fearful obeisance, the 1 who gives his wealth sublimating himself, and has in his head no favor from anyone for which a wages is expected in return, but merely seeking the visage of his Lord, Most High. And shortly will he achieve satisfaction.” [ Qur’an 92:17-21 ] About the above poetries of the Holy Qur’an, Imam ibn Jawzi provinces, “They agree nem con that this was revealed about Sayyidina Abu Bakr.” The Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and approvals be upon him, said, “No wealth of all time benefited me as did the wealth of Abu Bakr.” Sayyidina Abu Bakr wept and said, “Are I and my wealth for any but you, Messenger of Allah? ” 8 Musnad Imam Ahmad Imam ibn Asakir narrates that Sayyida Aisha and Sayyidina Urwah ibn az-Zubayr said, “Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, accepted Islam on the twenty-four hours that he did and he had forty thousand dinars ( and in a diction — 40 thousand dirhams ) and he spent them on the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace.” Abu Sa’id ibn al-Arabi narrated that Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Umar said, “Abu Bakr accepted Islam, may Allah be pleased with him, on the twenty-four hours that he did, and in his house there were 40 thousand dirhams. Then he emigrated to Madinah and he had nil but five 1000 dirhams. He had spent all of that on liberating slaves and assisting the cause of Islam.” Imam ibn Asakir narrates that Sayyida Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said that Sayyidina Abu Bakr freed seven ( slaves ) , each one of whom was being tortured for the interest of Allah. Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, ordered us to give sadaqah and that agreed with the belongings that I had so I said, ‘Today I will surpass Abu Bakr if I am of all time to surpass him, ’ and I brought half of my wealth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, said, ‘What have you left for your household? ’ I said, ‘I have left the like of it.’ Then Abu Bakr came with everything that he had, and he said, ‘Abu Bakr, what have you left for your household? ’ He said, ‘I have left for them Allah and His Messenger.’ I said, ‘I will ne'er of all time outdo him in anything.’” 9 Sunan Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah studies that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, said, “We have ne'er been under duty to anyone but that we have repaid him, except for Abu Bakr, for he has put duties on us which Allah will refund him for on the Day of Rising. No-one 's wealth has of all time benefited me as has Abu Bakr’s wealth.” 10 Tirmidhi Al-Bazzar narrated that Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “I came with my male parent Abu Quhafah to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, who said, ‘You should hold left the shaykh until I could come to him.’ I said, ‘Rather it is more right that he should come to you.’ He said, ‘We would instead be protective of him for the favor for which we are obliged to his son.’” Most Knowledgeable Amongst the Companions Imam Nawawi narrates that Sayyidina Abdullah b. Umar was asked, “Who used to give out fatwa to the people at the clip of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace? ” He answered, “Abu Bakr and Umar. I don’t know of anyone other than them.” 11 Imam Nawawi’s Tahdhib Hafiz ibn Kathir studies that Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq was one of the clearest and most facile of people. Another important incident demonstrates the deepness of Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq’s cognition. It is reported in Bukhari and Muslim, narrated by Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al-Khudri: “The Messenger of Allah addressed the people and said, ‘Allah has given a slave the pick between this universe and that which is with Him. That slave has chosen that which is with Allah.’ Abu Bakr began to cry and we were astonished that he should cry like that, merely because the Prophet mentioned that Allah had given a slave a pick. As it turned out, the Prophet was the 1 who was given the pick and Abu Bakr was the most knowing amongst us.” 12 Imam Nawawi’s Tahdhib This shows the deepness and mind of the head of Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, that he immediately understood the significance of the words of the Messenger of Allah above any other Companion. Along with that, he was besides the most knowing in the family trees of the Arabs, peculiarly the Quraysh. And in add-on, his cognition was so huge that he had reached the bound in the reading of dreams. He used to construe dreams in the clip of the Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace. The celebrated bookman of dreams, Imam Mohammad ibn Sireen, said: “Abu Bakr was the most able of this Ummah after the Prophet to pull a significance from a dream.” Most Learned Amongst the Companions in Qur’an & Sunnah Hafiz ibn Kathir states that Sayyidina Abu Bakr was the most knowing of them in the Qur’an, as the Beloved Messenger of Allah appointed him as their imaum in supplication. He was one of the Companions who had memorised the full Qur’an. 13 Imam Nawawi’s Tahdhib In add-on to that, Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq was besides the most knowing in Sunnah, holding accompanied the Beloved Messenger of Allah throughout his life and mission. The Companions would mention to him on several occasions, and he would bring forth Hadith transmittals which were otherwise unavailable to them which he himself had memorised. There are non many Hadiths transmitted from him merely due to the short clip he lived, and the velocity of his decease after the Beloved Messenger had passed off – otherwise, they would hold been extended. Governing on Religious Matters When an issue was presented to him to decide, he would look in the Book of Allah, the Qur’an. If he found the footing for opinion at that place, he would give opinion on that footing. If non, he would look to the Sunnah of the Beloved Messenger of Allah. If he could non happen the manner, he would travel out and inquire, “Do you know whether the Beloved Messenger of Allah gave a opinion on this? ” And possibly a group would garner around him, each adverting a opinion of the Beloved Messenger of Allah, so he would state, “Praise be to Allah Who has put amongst us those who preserve and memorise from our Prophet.” If he was unable to happen a Hadith about it, he would garner the leaders and best of the people, and seek their advocate. If they would hold on a position, he would give opinion harmonizing to that. Sayyidina Umar b. al-Khattab used to follow that – if he was unable to happen some manner in the Qur’an and Sunnah, he would look to see if Sayyidina Abu Bakr had passed a opinion. If non, he would name the leaders of the Muslims for their advocate and give a opinion on the footing of their consentaneous understanding. The Most Courageous of Companions Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq accompanied the Beloved Messenger of Allah from the minute he embraced Islam until his decease, non go forthing him in a journey or abode except for that which he was authorised to travel out on, such as Hajj or contending expeditions. He took portion in all the conflicts, emigrated with him, and was his close comrade in the Cave so that Allah revealed: “The second of the two when two of them were in the cave, when he said to his comrade: ‘Do non sorrow. Truly Allah is with us.’” He strived to the assistance of the Beloved Messenger more than one time, and gave great service on the battleground. He was house on the Day of Uhud when all the people had fled. In a long and challenging narrative, Sayyidina Ali ibn Abu Talib elaborates on the courage of Sayyidina Abu Bakr above all the other Companions, including himself. Sayyidina Ali ibn Abu Talib said, “Tell me, who is the bravest of work forces? ” The people replied, “You.” He said, “As for me, I ne'er encountered anyone but that I took my due from him, but state me, who is the bravest of work forces? ” They said, “We don’t know. Who is it? ” He said, “Abu Bakr. On the twenty-four hours of Badr, we made a shelter from the Sun for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, so we said, ‘Who will be with the Messenger of Allah so that none of the idolizers may fall upon him? ’ By Allah, none of us drew close except for Abu Bakr who brandished a blade over the caput of the Messenger of Allah. No 1 fell upon him but that he in bend fell upon him. So he is the bravest of men.” He continued, “I saw the Messenger of Allah and the Quraysh grabbed him. One held him and another threw him down and they were stating, ‘Are you the 1 who had made the Gods into one God? ’ By Allah, none of us approached except Abu Bakr striking this one, and keeping that one, and throwing down another, stating, ‘Woe to you! Will you kill a adult male because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah? ’” Then Sayyidina Ali raised a cloak which he was have oning, and wept until his face fungus was wet, and said, “I adjure you, by Allah! Is the truster of the people of Fir’awn better or Abu Bakr? ” People were soundless. He said, “Will you non reply? By Allah, an hr of Abu Bakr is better than a 1000 hours of the like of the truster of the people of Fir’awn. He was a adult male who concealed his iman, and this was a adult male who was unfastened about his iman.” 14 Musnad Imam al-Bazzar Best of the Companions in Merit and Status The best of world after the Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, were Sayyidina Abu Bakr, so Sayyidina Umar, so Sayyidina Usman, so Sayyidina Ali. After them, the ashra mubashra, ( the 10 who were given glad newss of Jannah by the Beloved Messenger of Allah ) , so the people of Badr, so the people of Uhud, so the people of the curse of commitment ( of Hudaibiya ) , so the remainder of the Companions. May Allah be good pleased with them all. Companions’ Statements Sing His Superior Status Imam ibn Asakir narrated that Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab ascended the minbar and said, “Definitely the best of this Ummah after our Prophet is Abu Bakr. Whoever says anything else is an discoverer of falsity. May at that place be upon him that which is upon the discoverer of falsehood.” Imam Tabarani narrates that Sayyidina Ali said, “The best of world after the Messenger of Allah are Abu Bakr and Umar. Love of me will ne'er be united with hate of Abu Bakr and Umar in the bosom of a believer.” 15 Imam Tabarani’s al-Awsat Imam ibn Asakir narrates that Sayyidina Ali entered upon Sayyidina Abu Bakr when he was shrouded and said, “No 1 who will run into Allah with his pages ( of the records of his workss ) is more darling to me than this shrouded one.” Sayyidina Ammar ibn Yasir said, “Whoever preferred anyone of the comrades of the Messenger of Allah over Abu Bakr and Umar has belittled the Muhajirun and the Ansar.” 16 Imam Tabarani’s al-Awsat Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Umar said, “We were taking between people in the clip of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, so we chose Abu Bakr, so Umar, so Usman, may Allah be pleased with them all.” 17 Tirmidhi, narrated by Sayyidina Anas b. Malik Imam Tabarani added, “And the Prophet came to cognize of that but did non deny it.” 18 Bukhari Virtues of the Shaykhain i.e. Sayyidina Abu Bakr & Sayyidina Umar The Beloved Messenger of Allah would come out to his comrades whilst they were sitting together. None would raise their eyes to look at the Beloved Messenger, except for Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina Umar. They would stare upon him and he would stare upon them, and they would smile at him and he would smile at them. 19Imam Tabarani’s al-Kabir This demonstrates the sole intimacy to the Beloved Messenger of Allah granted to the two esteemed Companions. Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Beloved Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, said, “…And as for my two deputies from the people of Earth, they are Abu Bakr and Umar.” 20Tirmidhi Sayyidina Abu Arwa ad-Dawsi said, “I was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and allow him peace, ( seated ) and so Abu Bakr and Umar came up, so he said, ‘Praise belongs to Allah Who has helped me through you two.’” 21 Imam al-Bazzar, Imam Al-hakim & Imam Tabarani’s Awsat A adult male came to Sayyidina Ali ibn Hussain and said, “What was the place of Abu Bakr and Umar with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace? ” He replied, “Just like their place with regard to him this really hour.” This is mentioning to the fact that they are buried beside the Beloved Messenger. 22 Zawa’id az-Zuhd, narrated from Ibn Abi Hazim Verses of the Qur’an about Him • “..the second of the two when two of them were in the cave, when he said to his comrade: ‘Do non sorrow. Truly Allah is with us.’” This is in mention to the incident at Cave Thawr, and it is nem con agreed that this poetry was revealed about Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. • “And take their advocate in the matter.” Imam Hakim studies that Sayyidina ibn Abbas said sing this poetry, “It was revealed about Abu Bakr and Umar.” • “And the right-acting of the believers..” Imam Tabarani studies that both Sayyidina ibn Umar and Sayyidina ibn Abbas each said sing this poetry, that it was revealed about Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina Umar. • “And we have counselled adult male with good intervention of his parents. ( to the terminal of verse 16 ) .” Imam Asakir studies that Sayyidina ibn Abbas said sing these poetries ( 46:15-16 ) , that they were revealed about Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. Humility and Forbearance Abu Salih al-Ghifari studies that Sayyidina Umar used to take attention of an aged blind adult female in one of the outskirts of Madinah at dark. He would give her H2O to imbibe and set about her undertakings, but sometimes he would travel to her and happen person else had already done so. Finally, Sayyidina Umar waited to see who the other individual was, and it was Sayyidina Abu Bakr. He was the calif at that clip. Sayyidina Umar said, “You are he, by my life! ” Imam ibn Asakir narrates that after he had become calif, the servant misss would travel to him with their flocks and he would milk their sheep for them. Imam ibn Asakir narrates that when Sayyidina Abu Bakr was praised, he used to state, “O Allah, you know myself better than I do, and I know myself better than they do. O Allah, make me better than what they think, and forgive me for what they don’t know, and don’t take me to task for what they say.” The First Caliph of Islam After the Beloved Messenger passed off, Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq took his truly appointed place as his replacement and was referred to as khalifatur Rasul, or replacement of the Messenger of Allah. From the Hadith where the Messenger of Allah announces his going from this universe, the bookmans say that the undermentioned statement is an indicant of Sayyidina Abu Bakr’s khilafat: “Let there non stay in the musjid a passageway except for the passageway of Abu Bakr.” 23 Bukhari, Muslim. Give voicing from Sahih Bukhari, as narrated from Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al-Khudri: the Beloved Messenger of Allah said, “Allah has given the option to a slave to take this universe or what is with Him. The slave has chosen what is with Allah.” The Messenger of Allah added, “The individual who has favoured me most of all, both with his company and wealth, is Abu Bakr. If I were to take a khalil ( intimate friend ) other than my Lord, I would hold taken Abu Bakr as such, but ( what relates us ) is the Islamic brotherhood and friendliness. All the Gatess of the musjid should be closed except the gate of Abu Bakr.” This is because he would travel out through it to take the supplication of the Muslims. Sayyidina Hudhayfa reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Follow the lead of the two who come after me, Abu Bakr and Umar.” 24 Tirmidhi, Imam al-Hakim Sayyidina Mohammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mut’im reported from his male parent that a adult female asked the Messenger of Allah about something, and he told her to come to him subsequently. She said, “What do you believe if I come and don’t happen you? ” as if she meant decease. He said, “If you do non happen me, so come to Abu Bakr.” 25 Bukhari, Muslim Imam ibn Asakir relates that Imam Hasan al-Basri was asked, “Did the Messenger of Allah appoint Abu Bakr as caliph? ” He was seated so drew himself up and said, “Is it any uncertainty? You have no male parent ( an Arabic look ) ! By Allah, the One Whom there is no God but Him, he decidedly appointed him as caliph. He was surely more knowing of Allah and more fearfully obedient of Him, and more strongly fearful of Him than that he should decease upon it without doing him take the command.” His Accomplishments for Islam Amongst the important affairs during his yearss were the dispatch of the ground forces of Sayyidina Usamah ibn Zayd ; contending against those who had reneged on Islam, and those who refused the zakat ; Musaylimah al-Kadhab ( Musaylimah the Liar ) , and the aggregation of the Holy Qur’an. He restored religion to set down where people were turning off from the bids of Islam, and re-established order where there was pandemonium. When the Beloved Messenger of Allah passed off, lip service became evident amongst the Arabs and many of them reneged on the deen of Islam, declining to pay the zakat. In a narrative reported by Imam ibn Asakir, Sayyida Aisha said, “When the Messenger of Allah died, lip service raised its caput, the Arabs reneged and the Ansar secluded themselves. If that which descended upon my male parent had come down on the immoveable mountains, it would hold broken them.” Compiling of the Holy Qur’an Narrated by Sayyidina Zayd ibn Thabit: “Abu Bakr as-Siddiq sent for me when the people of Yamama had been killed ( i.e. a figure of the Prophet 's Companions who fought against Musaylimah the Liar ) . ( I went to him ) and found Umar bin al-Khattab sitting with him. Abu Bakr so said ( to me ) : “Umar has come to me and said, “Casualties were heavy among the Qurra’ of the Qur’an ( i.e. those who knew the Qur’an by bosom ) on the twenty-four hours of the Battle of Yamama, and I am afraid that more heavy casualties may take topographic point amongst the Qurra’ on other battlegrounds, whereby a big portion of the Qur’an may be lost. Therefore I suggest, you ( Abu Bakr ) order that the Qur’an be collected.” I said to 'Umar, “How can you make something which the Messenger of Allah did non make? ” Umar said, “By Allah, it is good! ” Umar kept on pressing me on the affair, until Allah expanded my thorax to it, and I came to keep the position that Umar held.” Then Abu Bakr said ( to me ) , “You are a wise immature adult male and we do non hold any intuition about you, and you used to compose the Divine Inspiration for the Messenger of Allah. So you should seek for ( the fragmental books of ) the Qur’an and roll up it in one book ) .” By Allah, if they had ordered me to switch one of the mountains, it would non hold been heavier for me than this telling me to roll up the Qur’an. Then I said to Abu Bakr, “How will you make something which the Messenger of Allah did non make? ” Abu Bakr replied, `` “By Allah, it is good.” Abu Bakr kept on pressing me to accept until Allah expanded my thorax to it for what He had expanded the thoraxs of Abu Bakr and Umar. So I started seeking for the Qur’an and roll uping it from ( what was written on ) palmed chaffs, thin white rocks and besides from the work forces who knew it by bosom, boulder clay I found the last poetry of Surah al-Tawba ( the Surah of Repentance ) with Abu Khuzayma al-Ansari, and I did non happen it with anybody other than him. 26 Each poetry of the Holy Qur’an was merely recorded if two people brought it frontward to Sayyidina Zayd, except in the instance of Sayyidina Abi Khuzayma al-Ansari, or in some narratives he is called Khuzayma ibn Thabit. The legitimacy of this is due to the undermentioned incident, narrated in Sunan Abu Dawud: The Messenger of Allah bought a Equus caballus from a Bedouin, but the Bedouin said, “I swear by Allah, I have non sold it to you.” The Messenger of Allah said, “Yes, I have bought it from you.” The Bedouin began to state, “Bring a witness.” So Khuzaymah ibn Thabit so said, “I bear informant that you have bought it.” The Messenger of Allah turned to Khuzaymah and said, “On what ( evidences ) do you bear witness? ” He replied, “By sing you trusty, Messenger of Allah. '' Thus the Messenger of Allah made the informant of Khuzaymah equivalent to the informant of two people. [ non included in Imam Suyuti’s Tarikh ] The poetry is, “Verily, there has come to you a Messenger from among yourselves: it grieves him that you should die. ( to the terminal of the surah ) .” Then the complete manuscripts ( transcript ) of the Qur’an remained with Abu Bakr boulder clay he died, so with Umar till the terminal of his life, and so with Hafsa, the girl of Umar.” 27 Sahi Bukhari Abu Ya’la narrated that Sayyidina Ali said, “The one with the greatest wages for the written transcripts of the Qur’an is Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was the first to garner the Qur’an between two boards.” Accomplishments He Was First In He was the first to accept Islam, the first to roll up the Qur’an together, the first to call it as a mushaf ( written transcript ) , and he was the first to be named caliph. He was besides the first to do a bayt Al maal ( a edifice where zakat and other grosss were stored whilst being distributed ) . Final Illness and Departure of as-Siddiq Imam Al-hakim narrated that Sayyidina ibn Umar said, “The cause of Abu Bakr’s decease was the go throughing off of the Messenger of Allah. He was distressed and his organic structure continued to endure until he died.” Another study from Imam al-Hakim relates that Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina al-Harith bin Kaladah were eating stock which the former was given, and Sayyidina al-Harith said, “Lift your manus ( from the dish ) , caliph of the Messenger of Allah. By Allah, in it there is a year’s toxicant. I and you will decease on the same day.” He took his manus off. They both became progressively ill and died on the same twenty-four hours at the terminal of the twelvemonth. Imam Ahmad narrates that Sayyida Aisha said, “When decease came to Abu Bakr, he said, ‘What twenty-four hours is it? ’ They said, ‘Monday.’ He said, ‘If I die this evening, do non wait until tomorrow ( to bury me ) , because the most darling of yearss and darks to me is the closest to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and allow him peace.” Sayyida Aisha said that anterior to his decease he had a febrility for 15 yearss, and did non travel out to the supplication. He died before the terminal of Jumada al-Aakhira in 13AH, and he was 63 old ages old. 28 Imam al-Waqidi, Imam al-Hakim Khilafat of Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab In his concluding unwellness, he appointed Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab as his replacement. Some of the Companions entered upon him and one of them said, “What will you state to your Lord when He asks you about naming Umar as caliph over us when you have seen his stamina? ” Sayyidina Abu Bakr replied, “By Allah, are you seeking to scare me? I will state, ‘O Allah, I have appointed as caliph over them the best of Your people.’ Convey from me what I have said to those behind you.” Imam ibn Asakir relates that Sayyidina Yasar ibn Hamzah said, “When Abu Bakr’s unwellness grew serious, he stood and looked over the people from a little window and said, ‘I have made a compact, so will you be contented with it? ’ So the people said, ‘We will be content with it, caliph of the Messenger of Allah.’ Then Ali stood and said, ‘We will non be content unless it is Umar.’ He said, ‘It is Umar.’” Thus Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab became the 2nd khalifa of Islam. Burial of Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq It is reported that Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq expressed his will that his funeral or janaza should be taken to the blessed grave of the Beloved Messenger of Allah and so it should be said, “Assalatu was-salamu alayka ya RasulAllah, Abu Bakr is present at your door.” The comrades followed his advice. The doors of the blest grave opened on their ain, and a voice was heard coming from the blessed grave stating, “Udkhulul Habeeb ila Habeeb.” 29Imam Fakhr uddin Razi’s Tafsir al-Kabir `` The fire suffices the moth ; the flower is adequate for the bird. The Beloved of Allah is adequate to carry through Siddiq 's demands. '' - Allama Iqbal

Khalifa Abu Bakr - Death of Abu Bakr

Asma. The 4th married woman of Abu Bakr was Asma She was foremost married to Jafar bin Abu Talib, a brother of Ali. She migrated with Jafar to Abyssinia in 615 C.E. She had three boies from Jafar, viz. , Muhammad, Abdullah, and Aun. In 630 C.E. , Jafar was martyred in the conflict of Mauta. Six months subsequently, Abu Bakr married her. She had one boy from Abu Bakr who was besides named Muhammad. She was a half sister of Umm Salma, married woman of the Holy Prophet. Asma was a gifted lady. She was good versed in the reading of dreams. Harmonizing to the will of Abu Bakr, Asma was authorized to fix his dead organic structure for the entombment. After the decease of Abu Bakr, Asma married Ali from whom she had a boy Yahya.

Abdur Rahman. The eldest boy of Abu Bakr was Abdur Rahman. His female parent was Umm Ruman, and he was the existent brother of Ayesha. When Abu Bakr became a Muslim, and his other kids were converted to Islam, Abdur Rahman refused to be converted to Islam. Abu Bakr consequently separated from him. In the conflicts of Badr and Uhud, Abdur Rahman fought on the side of the Quraish against the Muslims. He became a Muslim after the Pact of Hudaibiya. Thereafter he participated in the assorted conflicts fought by the Muslims. At the conflict of Yamama, he killed Mahakkam Al Yamama, the General Commanding the forces of Musailma. At the conflict of Busra in Syria, he entered the metropolis of Busra through a subterraneous transition, and so darting towards the metropolis Gatess opened them for the chief Muslim ground forces to come in it. He died in 675 C.E, , and buried at Makkah.

Abdullah. The 2nd boy of Abu Bakr was Abdullah. He was born of Qutaila. He was married to Atika who was the girl of Zaid bin Amr bin Naufal. She was a cousin of Umar. She was inordinately beautiful, and Abdullah was so much doomed in her love that he failed to take part in the assorted expeditions undertaken by the Muslims. He even neglected his supplications. Abdullah was so much overwhelmed with the love of Atika that he could non go to to other responsibilities. Abu Bakr gave blowhole to his choler, and told his boy in field words that his weaknesss and defects were excessively serious to be passed over. Abdullah placed himself at the clemency of his male parent Abu Bakr decreed that the punishment for such oversights was that Abdullah should disassociate Atika within three yearss. Abdullah divorced Atika in pursuit of the bid of his male parent. That, nevertheless, upset the mental equilibrium of Abdullah. He would neither eat nor imbibe. He would sob and suspire and sing heart-rending poetries giving look to his heartache over the loss of his beloved. When the Holy Prophet came to cognize of the affair, he annulled the divorce, and the lovers were reunited. Thereafter, Abdullah was really peculiar to take attention that his love for Atika did non stand in the manner of his responsibility to God. In all the runs that were undertaken by the Holy Prophet thenceforth, Abdullah took active portion and fought valorously. Abdullah was wounded in the conflict of Taif, and subsequently died of these lesions in 633 C.E. in the first twelvemonth of the Caliphate of Abu Bakr. After the decease of Abdullah, Umar married Atika.

Asma. The eldest girl of Abu Bakr was Asma. Her female parent was Qutaila who did non go a Muslim and was divorced by Abu Bakr. When the Holy Prophet and Abu Bakr sought safety in a cave outside Makkah on the juncture of Migration to Madina, Asma used to transport nutrient to them under the screen of darkness. When the Holy Prophet and Abu Bakr left the cave, Asma tore her apron and tied the goods with the two belts. For this inventiveness, she received from the Holy Prophet, the rubric `` She of the two belts '' . She was married to Zubair, a cousin of the Holy Prophet. At Madina, shortly after migration, Asma gave birth to Abdullah, who was the first Muslim kid to be born after migration. After the calamity of Kerbala, Abdullah declared himself as the Caliph at Makkah. When the Umayyads stormed the metropolis of Makkah, Abdullah consulted Asma who was so 80 old ages old, as to what he should make. She advised, `` If you believe your cause to be right you should be ready to decease for it, if on the other manus your object is simply secular addition, so you may surely compromise with your enemy '' . When Abdullah died and the Umayyads had his organic structure hung at the metropolis gate, Asma went to the dead organic structure of her boy, and she said pitiably, `` The rider is still siting the Equus caballus '' .

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