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Durga Puja Essay 3 ( 200 words )

India is a land of carnivals and festivals. It is so called because people of assorted faiths live here and they all celebrate their carnivals and festivals all through the twelvemonth. It is a holy topographic point on this planet where assorted holy rivers run and large spiritual festivals are celebrated. Navaratri or Durga pooja is a festival ( means festival of Nine Nights ) celebrated by the people particularly in the Eastern India. It brings a happy festive atmosphere all over the state. Peoples go to the temple or worship goddess Durga at place with full readying and devotedness. Devotees worship goddess Durga for their well being and comfortable life.

Durga Puja Essay 4 ( 250 words )

Goddess Durga is worshipped all nine yearss of the festival. However yearss of worship varies harmonizing to the topographic point. Fans of Mata Durga maintain fast for all nine yearss or merely foremost and last yearss. They decorate and worship the statue of goddess by offering Prasad, jal, kumkum, nariyal, sindoor, etc harmonizing to the capacity with great devotedness. Everywhere looks really beautiful and environment becomes clean and pure. It seems that truly goddess Durga makes a unit of ammunition to everyone place and blesses Her fans. It is believed that idolizing Mata provides delectation, prosperity, removes darkness and evil power. By and large people perform puja for three yearss ( called as Saptami, Astami and Navami ) after maintaining fast for long 6, 7, and 8 yearss. They offer nutrient, fruit and dakshina to the seven or nine single misss in the forenoon in the clean mode in order to do goddess Durga happy.

Durga Puja Essay 5 ( 300 words )

Due to the people’s carelessness, it impacts the environment to a immense degree. The stuffs used in doing and colourising ( such as cement, plaster of Paris, plastic, toxic pigments, etc ) the sculptures of Mata Durga causes pollution to the local H2O resources. The submergence of the statues straight pollutes the river H2O at the terminal of festival. In order to cut down the environment impacts of this festival, there should be attempts from everyone’s terminal that the usage of eco-friendly stuffs by the craftsmans in doing statues, fans should non plunge the statues straight in Ganga H2O and hunt out some safe ways to execute the rites of this festival. Commercialization of the Hindu festivals in the twentieth century has created major environmental issues.

Durga Puja Essay 6 ( 400 words )

The festival of Navaratri or Durga puja has assorted significances. The significance of Navaratri is nine darks. Tenth twenty-four hours is known as Vijayadashami or Dussehra. It is the twenty-four hours when goddess Durga got triumph over a devil after nine yearss and nine darks long conflict. Goddess Durga is worshipped by the people to acquire strength and approvals. Idolizing Goddess Durga helps fans to take negative energy and negative ideas every bit good as acquire the peaceable life. It is celebrated to mark the triumph of Lord Rama over evil Ravana. People celebrate this festival by firing the large statue of Ravana and pyrotechnics at dark of Dussehra.

Durga Puja 2011

Durga Thakur was created when the Asura Mahishasura threatened all of the Gods through a blessing that gained him indomitability against any adult male. The Gods faced a serious job because they were all powerless against Mahishasura. The Gods so decided to project a mighty beam of energy on their ain consorts to make Durga Thakur. Thus Durga came into being with the power of each God that helped make her. Therefore in each of her 12 hands she holds a different God 's arm: Rudra 's trident, Vishnu 's discus, Indra 's bolt of lightning, Brahma 's kamandal, Kuber 's gada, etc. As the most powerful God of all time created she descended to Earth to murder Mahishasura. The violent death of this celebrated half bull half devil is normally depicted in images of her found in pandals.

Bhoomi

With Bhoomi 's wordss, one can paint visions in their ideas, their psyches and imaginativeness while the music touches assorted chords in the bosom. The music is simple yet evokes profound ideas. Folk manners like baul, bhatiyali, moishaal, jhumur, saari gaan, qawaali signifiers the inspiration for Bhoomi 's musical look. Bhoomi has this alone characteristic of intermixing different manners of music. For illustration, Bhoomi has used a stone and axial rotation agreement with a typical Bengali common people vocal ( Rock and axial rotation guitar playing for the vocal Sohaag Chand, in the album Paal Chhutechhe ) or even used blues with a modern-day vocal ( Song Bhasate Paarli Na from the album Dekhtey Dekhtey ) , reggae ( Song Kande Sudhu Mon from the album Jatra Shuru and Sonali Chander Alo from the album Udaan ) blame ( Song Picchu Picchu from the album Udaan ) , Goan common people melody ( Song Kaam Sarse from the album Jatra Shuru ) , the celebrated lavani beat of Maharashtra ( Song Chandni Raatey from the album Dekhtey Dekhtey ) the typical 'toppa '' inspired manner of vocalizing ( Song Logen express from the album Udaan ) , Irish common people signifier ( Song Tori Baorey in the album Udaan ) and many such geographic expeditions where the blend and the brew seems ideal for the sound that is quintessentially BHOOMI.

Durga Puja

Durga Puja, besides called Durgotsava and Navaratri, is an one-year Hindu festival in the Indian subcontinent that reveres the goddess Durga. It is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, typically September or October of the Gregorian calendar. A multi-day festival that features luxuriant temple and phase ornaments ( pandals ) , scripture recitation, public presentation humanistic disciplines, revelry and emanations, Durga Puja is peculiarly observed by Hindus in eastern and northeasterly provinces of India, in Bangladesh and in Nepal where it is called Dashain. It is a major festival in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism across India and Shakta Hindu diaspora.

The primary goddess revered during Durga Puja is Durga, but her phase and jubilations feature other major divinities of Hinduism such as goddess Lakshmi ( goddess of wealth, prosperity ) , Saraswati ( goddess of cognition and music ) , Ganesha ( God of good beginnings ) and Kartikeya ( God of war ) . The latter two are considered to be kids of Durga ( Parvati ) . The Hindu God Shiva, as Durga 's hubby, is besides revered during this festival. The festival begins on the first twenty-four hours with Mahalaya, taging Durga 's coming in her conflict against evil. Get downing with the 6th twenty-four hours ( Sasthi ) , the goddess is welcomed, gay Durga worship and jubilations begin in intricately decorated temples and pandals hosting the statues. Lakshmi and Saraswati are revered on the undermentioned yearss. The festival terminals of the 10th twenty-four hours of Vijaya Dashami, when with membranophone beats of music and chants, Shakta Hindu communities start a emanation transporting the colourful clay statues to a river or ocean and plunge them, as a signifier of adieu and her return to divine universe and Mount Kailash.

The festival is an old tradition of Hinduism, though it is ill-defined how and in which century the festival began. Surviving manuscripts from the fourteenth century provide guidelines for Durga puja, while historical records suggest royalty and affluent households were patronizing major Durga puja public celebrations since at least the sixteenth century. The prominence of Durga Puja increased during the British Raj in its states of Bengal and Assam. Durga Puja has been a 10 twenty-four hours festival, of which the last five are typically particular and an one-year vacation in parts such as West Bengal and Tripura where it is peculiarly popular. In the modern-day epoch, the importance of Durga Puja is every bit much as a societal festival as a spiritual one wherever it is observed.

History

Durga is an ancient divinity of Hinduism, harmonizing to archaeological and textual grounds available. However, the beginnings of Durga puja are ill-defined and undocumented. Surviving manuscripts from the fourteenth century provide guidelines for Durga puja, while historical records suggest royalty and affluent households were patronizing major Durga puja public celebrations since at least the sixteenth century. The 11th or 12th century Jainism text Yasatilaka by Somadeva references a festival and one-year day of the months dedicated to a warrior goddess, celebrated by the male monarch and his armed forces, and the description mirrors attributes of a Durga puja.

The Indian texts that mention the Durga Puja festival are inconsistent. The King Suratha legend found in some version of the Puranas reference it to be a spring festival, while the Devi-Bhagavata Purana and two other Shakta Puranas reference it to be an fall festival. The more ancient Ramayana manuscripts are besides inconsistent. Versions of Ramayana found in North, West and South India describe the Hindu God Rama to be retrieving the Surya ( the Sun God ) before his conflict with the devil Ravana, but the Bengali manuscripts of Ramayana such as by the fifteenth century Krttivasa describe Rama to be idolizing Durga.

Harmonizing to Pranab Bandyopadhyay, the worship of ferocious warrior goddess Durga, and her darker and more violent manifestation Kali, became really popular in Bengal part during and after the medieval epoch Muslim invasion. The significance of Durga and other goddesses in Hindu civilization, states Patricia Monaghan, increased after Islamic ground forcess conquered Indian subcontinent and attempted to deny iconographic representation of its male and female `` graven images '' . Harmonizing to Rachel McDermott, and other bookmans such as Brijen Gupta, the persecution of Bengali Hindus in Bengal Sultanate and late medieval epoch spiritual political relations led to a resurgence of Hindu individuality and an accent on Durga Puja as a societal festival that publically celebrated the warrior goddess.

Practices

The Durga Puja festival is a 10 twenty-four hours event, of which the last five grade the popular patterns. The festival begins with Mahalaya, a twenty-four hours where Shakta Hindus retrieve the loved 1s who have died, every bit good the coming of Durga. The following most important twenty-four hours of Durga Puja jubilations is the 6th twenty-four hours, called Shashthi where the local community welcome the goddess and gay jubilations are inaugurated. On the 7th twenty-four hours ( Saptami ) , 8th ( Ashtami ) and 9th ( Navami ) , the goddess along with Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya are revered and these yearss mark the chief Puja ( worship ) with recitation of the Bibles, the fables of Durga in Devi Mahatmya and societal visits by households to intricately decorated and lighted up temples and pandals ( theatre like phases ) .

The Durga festival is, in portion, a post-monsoon crop festival observed on the same yearss in Shaktism tradition of Hinduism, as those in its other traditions. The pattern of including a package of nine different workss, called navapattrika, as nature 's symbolism of Durga, is a testament pattern to its agricultural importance. The typically selected workss include non merely representative of import harvests, but besides non-crops. Harmonizing to David Kinsley, a professor of Religious Studies specialising on Hindu goddesses, this likely signifies the Hindu belief that the goddess is `` non simply the power inherent in the growing of harvests but the power inherent in all flora '' .

The puja rites are long and complicated. Three yearss of Mantras ( words for religious transmutation ) , Shlokas ( poetry ) chants and Arati ( supplication ) and offerings are made, which include Vedic chants and multiple recitations of the Devi Mahatmya text in Sanskrit. Durga Slokas ( which is besides known as Devi Mantra ) praises Durga as symbol of all Godhead forces. Harmonizing to the sloka, Durga is ubiquitous as the incarnation of power, nutriment, memory, patience, religion, forgiveness, mind, wealth, emotions, desires, beauty, satisfaction, righteousness, fulfilment and peace. The specific patterns vary by part. The following being most common:

Decorations: sculptures and phases

The clay base is combined with straw, kneaded so molded into dramatis personae made from bamboo. This is set like any clay pot, layered to a concluding form, cleaned, and polished when ready. A bed of vegetable fibre called jute, assorted in with clay, is attached to the top to forestall the statue from checking in the months in front. The caputs of the statues are more complex, and normally cast individually. The limbs of the statues are largely shaped from packages of straws. Then, get downing about August, the local craftsmans hand-paint the statues of Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha, Kartikeya, the king of beasts and the American bison devil. The goddesses are dressed in all right silk saree, shown bejeweled and put into a pandal.

Animal forfeit, symbolic forfeit

Shakta Hindu communities mark the murder of American bison devil and triumph of Durga with a symbolic or existent forfeit. Most communities prefer symbolic forfeit, where a statue of Asura devil made of flour, or equivalent, is immolated and smeared with scarlet to retrieve the blood that had needfully been spilled during the war. Other replacements include a vegetational or sweet dish considered equivalent to the animate being. In many instances, Shaktism devotees see carnal forfeit distasteful, pattern surrogate agencies of showing devotedness while esteeming the positions of others in their tradition.

Theme-based pujas and pandals

Calendar months before the start of Durga puja, youth members of a community organize as a squad, cod contributions, engage priests and craftsmans, purchase votive stuffs and assist construct a theme-based phase called pandal. The Durga statue is designed from clay and colourss by the commissioned craftsmans. The design and ornament is a squad attempt affecting creative persons, designers and community representatives hosting it. The budget required for such theme-based pujas is significantly higher than traditional pujas. These attract crowds of visitants. The readyings and the edifice of pandals are a important arts-related economic activity, frequently pulling major patrons.

Regional fluctuations

There is tremendous fluctuation in worship patterns and rites associated with Durga Puja, as is the instance with other Hindu festivals. Hinduism accepts flexibleness and leaves the set of patterns to the pick of the persons concerned. Different types of Durga Puja are readily practiced in the same vicinity, every bit good as regionally, with these fluctuations accepted across temples, pandal shrines and within households. The festival is most associated with Bengali Hindus, and even there the community grants freedom of variableness and accepts differences. Some Puja are showy, some simple.

Historical grounds suggests that the Durga Puja has evolved over clip, going more luxuriant, societal and originative. The festival has been a domestic puja, a signifier of pattern that remains popular. Durga Puja is besides practiced in the sarvajanina ( public ) signifier, where communities get together, pool their resources and attempt, fix pandal, and so observe the event as a megashow to portion. The beginnings of the latter fluctuation are ill-defined, with some grounds proposing a household in Kolkatta revived this jubilation in 1411 CE. Another set of beginnings suggest that a Bengali landlord named Kamsanarayan held a megashow in 1583, or by others in late sixteenth century Bengal. Yet, this festival of Bengal is likely much older with the find of 11th and twelfth century Durga Puja manual manuscripts such as Durgotsavaviveka, Durgotsava Prayoga, Vasantaviveka and Kalaviveka. The rites associated with the Durga Puja migrated to other parts, from Bengal, such as those in Varanasi, a metropolis that has historically attracted sponsorship from Hindus from assorted parts of the Indian subcontinent including Bengal. In modern-day India, Durga Puja is celebrated in legion manners and signifiers.

West Bengal

The Durga pujas of West Bengal are one-year celebrations of a expansive magnitude. They are held over a five-day period. The metropolis is adorned with gay visible radiations, 1000s of pandals are erected by communities all over the province, but peculiarly in Kolkatta. Peoples form forming commissions, who plan and oversee the pandal ( impermanent shrine and phase ) for the celebrations. For private domestic puja, households dedicate an country of their place for Durga Puja, they clean it and adorn it for little clay statue of Durga and other divinities. As a tradition, married girls return to or revisit their parents and observe the Durga Puja together, a symbolism for goddess Durga who is believed to return to her parent 's place for the festival. Typically the household of the married girls join her and pass the vacation with the maternal side of grandparents.

The forming commissions of each pandal hires a purohita ( priest ) who performs the services on behalf of the community. For the priests, the Durga Purja is a major clip of activity, wherein he pursues the timely completion of a busy Vedic-Puranic-Tantric ritual sequence along timed to assorted offerings and fire offerings, in full public position, while the societal celebrations occur in analogue. The complex rites include periods of accurate and melodious Bible recitation. The 3rd and 4th twenty-four hours of the Puja are progressively complex, while 10s of 1000s of people come in for a Darsana. On the twenty-four hours of Vijayadashami, the purohita leads the submergence ceremonial.

Harmonizing to Claire Alexander and other bookmans, the rite of plunging Durga graven image into river attracted the attending of colonial epoch travellers to the Bengal part from Europe, such as Garcin de Tassy and Emma Roberts. In 1831, Tassy reported that similar rites were yearly observed by Islamic community in Bengal every bit good. Shia Muslims observed Muharram over 10 yearss, took out emanations in memory of their Imam Husayn ibn Ali, and so cast a memorial Imam 's empty tomb into a river on the tenth twenty-four hours. Further, stated Tassy, the Muslim rites included the same offerings at their one-year festival in the memory of their Imam during Muharram, as the Hindus did during Durga Puja. Harmonizing to Aslam Syed, the submergence in H2O ritual by Hindus for Durga in Bengal, and Ganesh in the western provinces of India, may hold grown because the Hindu leaders attempted to make a viing emanation and submergence rite to that of Islamic Muharram allowed by the colonial British authorities in the 19th and early twentieth century.

Bihar

Durga Puja is one of the major festivals in Bihar. Bhagvati Durga Puja and Nou-Durga along with Vijaya Dashami is an of import festival of the Maithili Community. Hundreds of pandals are set up with carnivals. The metropolis witnesses a immense rush in visitants in the four yearss from Maha Saptami up to Vijaya Dashami. More than 1000 exhibits, known as pandals, are set up across the metropolis. Ancient Topographic points of Patna Durga Puja includes Bari and Chhoti Patan Devi, Maa Shitla Mandir Agamkuan etc. Some of the popular puja pandals include New Dak Bungalow Road, Shiv Mandir Khajpura, Shri Krishna Puri, Durga Ashram etc.

Europe

Durga Puja is organised by Bengali communities in Europe. Although pandals are non constructed, the sculptures are imported from India. Harmonizing to BBC News, for community jubilations in London in 2006, these `` graven images, belonging to a tableau mensurating 18ft by 20ft, were made from clay, straw and vegetable dyes '' . At the terminal of the Durga Puja, these were immersed in River Thames, for the first clip in 2006, after `` the community was allowed to give a traditional bon voyage to the divinities by London 's port governments '' . The Bengali community stated, per the BBC News study, that the submergence ceremonial `` is a really sentimental issue for us, everybody wanted to see the graven images being given a proper submergence '' .

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