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Back in Salem, the tribunal is in session. Giles interrupts the proceedings by shouting that Putnam is merely doing a grab for more land. He claims to hold grounds to endorse up this averment. Judge Hathorne, Deputy Governor Danforth, and the Reverends Hale and Parris articulation Giles and Francis in the vestry room to acquire to the underside of the affair. Proctor and Mary Warren enter the room. Mary testifies that she and the other misss were merely feigning to be afflicted by witchery. Judge Danforth, shocked, asks Proctor if he has told the small town about Mary’s claims. Parris declares that they all want to subvert the tribunal.

Proctor springs at Abigail and calls her a prostitute. He confesses his matter with her and explains that Elizabeth fired her when she discovered it. He claims that Abigail wants Elizabeth to hang so that she can take her topographic point in his place. Danforth orders Abigail and Proctor to turn their dorsums, and he sends for Elizabeth, who is reputed by Proctor to be unfailingly honest. Danforth asks why she fired Abigail. Elizabeth glimpses at Proctor for a hint, but Danforth demands that she look merely at him while she speaks. Elizabeth claims to hold gotten the misguided impression that Proctor fancied Abigail, so she lost her pique and fired the miss without merely cause. As marshal, Herrick removes Elizabeth from the room. Proctor cries out that he confessed his wickedness, but it is excessively late for Elizabeth to alter her narrative. Hale begs Danforth to reconsider, saying that Abigail has ever struck him as false.

The Crucible Summary and Analysis of Act Three

Francis Nurse besides presents himself, and Tells Danforth that he has cogent evidence that the misss are frauds. Danforth reminds him that he has four hundred individuals in gaol upon his signature, and seventy-two condemned to hang. Mary Warren enters with Proctor, and Parris warns him that Proctor is mischief. Proctor tells Danforth that Mary Warren ne'er saw any liquors, and he presents a deposition signed by Mary Warren that asserts this. Parris thinks that they have come to subvert the tribunal. Mary admits that her tantrums of enchantment were pretense. Danforth inquiries Proctor, inquiring whether he has any concealed purpose to sabotage the tribunal. Cheever tells Danforth how Proctor ripped up the warrant, but Proctor says that it was merely out of pique. Cheever besides tells Danforth how Proctor plows on Sunday and does non come to church. Proctor asks Danforth if it strikes him odd that these adult females have lived so long with such an unsloped repute merely to be accused.

Proctor submits a deposition to Danforth signed by 91 citizens certifying to their good sentiment of Rebecca, Martha Corey and Elizabeth. Parris demands that these 91 be summoned for oppugning, and claims it is an onslaught on the tribunal. Hale asks if every defence is an onslaught on the tribunal, but Parris tells him that all guiltless and Christian people are satisfied with the tribunals in Salem. Mary Warren begins to sob. Hathorne reads the deposition, and asks which attorney wrote it, but Giles says that he wrote it. He has been a complainant in 33 tribunal instances, and therefore has great experience with the jurisprudence. Hathorne 's male parent even tried a instance of Corey 's.

Mr. Putnam arrives, and Danforth tells him that there is an accusal that he prompted his girl to shout witchcraft upon George Jacobs. Giles claims that the cogent evidence is that if Jacobs bents for a enchantress he forfeits his belongings and merely Putnam can purchase it. Giles claims that person told him that he heard Putnam say that his girl gave him a just gift of land when she accused Jacobs. Giles refuses to call this individual, nevertheless. When Danforth threatens Giles with disdain, Giles responds that this is non an official tribunal session. Danforth arrests Giles for disdain, and Giles makes a haste for Putnam, but Proctor holds him back. Proctor amenitiess Mary. Hale advises Danforth that he can non state that Proctor is an honorable adult male, but it would be better to direct him place to engage a attorney. Hale has signed 72 decease warrants, and he claims that he dares non take a life without analyzing any sensible uncertainty. He now doubts the guilt of Rebecca Nurse.

Danforth explains that witchery is by its really nature an unseeable offense, therefore merely the enchantress and the victim will witness it. The enchantress will non impeach herself, therefore one must trust on the victim. Parris wishes to oppugn them, but Danforth tells him to be soundless. Mary Warren claims that she is with God now, and Danforth tells her that she is either lying now or was lying earlier, and in either instance committed bearing false witness. Abigail enters with the other misss. Abigail tells Danforth that Goody Proctor ever kept poppets. Proctor claims that he believes Abigail means to slay his married woman, and orders Mary to state Danforth how the misss danced in the forests naked. Parris tells Danforth that he ne'er found anybody bare, but admits to happening them dancing. Parris demands that Mary Warren pretend to conk as she had done earlier, but she can non, for she has no sense of it. She one time thought she saw liquors, but now she does non.

Abigail threatens Danforth, claiming that the powers of Hell may impact him shortly. Abigail pretends that she feels a crisp air current endangering her. Proctor calls Abigail a prostitute and catch her by the hair. Finally he admits that he had an matter with Abigail. The tribunal fears that if this is true, it eventually provides a motive for Abigail to be lying. Danforth orders Parris to convey Elizabeth to the tribunal. If Elizabeth admits to firing Abigail for her matter with Proctor, Danforth will bear down Abigail. Proctor is confident that his married woman would ne'er, could ne'er lie, even to salvage him. But Elizabeth is questioned with her back towards Proctor so they can non pass on, and she says that she fired Abigail because she displeased her, and because she thought that her hubby fancied her. She says that Proctor ne'er committed lechery. Proctor cries out for Elizabeth to state the truth, that he has already confessed, but Danforth orders Elizabeth to go forth.

Proctor says that his married woman meant merely to salvage his repute. Hale claims that it is a natural prevarication to state, and to halt before another individual is condemned. Abigail so claims that she sees Mary Warren 's spirit manifested as a bird, seeking to ache her. Mary Warren shortness of breath that she is simply standing in tribunal, but Abigail continues with the parody. Mary Warren claims that the misss are lying, but after Danforth threatens her and Abigail refuses to halt her parody, Mary submits and accuses Proctor of being the Devil 's adult male. She says that Proctor made her mark the Devil 's book and made her attempt to subvert the tribunal. Danforth orders Proctor to acknowledge his commitment with Satan, but Proctor cries out that God is dead, and that a fire is firing because the tribunal is `` drawing Heaven down and raising up a prostitute. '' Hale denounces the proceedings and quits the tribunal.

Amongst the characters in the drama, it is Deputy Governor Danforth who seems to supply the most obvious symbol of Senator Joseph McCarthy. Danforth regulations over the proceedings as if the accused are guilty until proved inexperienced person, and adopts a rough and revengeful air. However, Miller does non do Danforth a direct equivalent of the irrational rabble-rouser McCarthy ; instead, Danforth is a austere, cold adult male of unfailing religion in his judicial powers. He does non attest any peculiar political aspiration, but alternatively acts to continue the strength of the tribunal over which he regulations. This does do Danforth leery of any onslaught on the complainants and the proceedings, but besides allows him some room for flexibleness. He uses ground to carry Proctor to drop his charges against Abigail, stating him that his married woman is spared for at least a twelvemonth and that he need non worry about her executing. It is Danforth 's austere reason that makes him a more distressing figure ; he is non a malicious scoundrel tantamount to Abigail, but instead a adult male who has intense religion in the unity of his tribunal. He operates under the premise that good and evil can be clearly and intensely defined, a defect of tragic sarcasm. In his despairing hope to aggressively define good and evil, Danforth becomes the willing confederate of those who obscure this line.

It is Reverend Parris who appears as the rabble-rouser in this act of the drama, denouncing all challenges to the tribunal as challenges to Christianity and God himself. Parris is paranoid and foolish, demanding that all 91 people who attest to the good name of the three accused adult females be brought in for oppugning. It is Parris ' rabid defence of the tests that eventually causes Hale to interrupt from the tribunal and offer a defence of the Proctors, Coreys and Nurses. Parris ' demagogy is placed into even sharper alleviation once the true ground for the misss ' admittance of witchery is revealed. Parris knows that the tests are a fraud and that the misss are lying, yet continues to force against witchery to accommodate his terminals.

Miller develops the motives of the advocates of the witchery tests in this chapter. Reverend Parris remains motivated by intuition and paranoia, while Thomas Putnam moves from an original motive of scores against others to unabashed greed. Abigail Williams, in contrast, has moved from self-preservation to a more general lecherousness for power. However, upon the apprehension of Rebecca Nurse and Elizabeth Proctor, Reverend Hale now eschews the supernatural accounts for more concrete, legal accounts. He redeems himself from his function as a Pontius Pilate by functioning as an advocator for justness. This is important, for it provides concrete grounds that resistance to the tests does non needfully intend resistance to jurisprudence and order.

Miller establishes that it takes merely a simple accusal for a individual to be convicted of witchery. Thomas Putnam uses this for economic addition, haling his girl into impeaching George Jacobs so that he may buy his land one time Jacobs has been executed. Yet it is Abigail Williams who brings this peculiar quality into crisp alleviation. Abigail is intense and dramatic ; she targets the weak-willed Mary Warren, cognizing that she will easy interrupt from her confederation with Proctor one time challenged. When Abigail pretends to see a xanthous bird assailing her, it is an obvious falsity that is however admissible as grounds in this tribunal of jurisprudence.

`` The Crucible Act 3 '' Essaies and Research Papers

Gonzales 1 014 Human Cruelty in the Name of Righteousness The Crucible by Arthur Miller. Guilt is a hard feel to get by with. However, being blamed guilty while being guiltless is even harder. This state of affairs is experienced through the characters in Arthur Miller’s drama, The Crucible​ . In this drama a group of misss effort to pattern witchery but because they got caught, the misss worried they were traveling to acquire punished. They begin to impeach other people and lie in order to debar the incrimination from themselves.

The Crucible: Fresh Summary: Act 3

Martha Corey is on test in the Salem conventicle as Act III opens. She adamantly denies any engagement in aching the kids. Her hubby bursts into the courtroom shouting that he has grounds of her artlessness, accompanied by Francis Nurse. He is dragged out of the room by Herrick and joined by the other work forces of the tribunal. The tribunal refuses to hear the work forces and is trying to disregard them when Mary Warren arrives with John Proctor. They back up the work forces 's narrative that the misss are frauds. Parris urgently tries to halt their testimony. Cheever brings up the incident in which Proctor ripped up the warrant for his married woman and the work forces debate the possibility that he is trying to do an onslaught on the tribunal. They reveal that Elizabeth Proctor has claimed to be pregnant and when Proctor still refuses to drop his charges of fraud ( His married woman can non be hung every bit long as she carries an guiltless kid ) , Danforth insists that he means to assail them. Proctor presents a request that attests to the artlessness of the accused adult females. Parris tries to belittle these people and his statements result in warrants being drawn up for all of them to be examined. Thomas Putnam is brought in and it is revealed to him that Giles Corey has accused him of obliging his girl to impeach George Jacobs in order to get his land. He of class, denies this. Corey refuses to uncover the beginning of this information for fright that this individual will be arrested like those who signed the request. He is charged with disdain of tribunal. Proctor speaks up at this point and compels Mary Warren to acknowledge to her engagement in Abigail 's game. The kids are brought in. Abigail denies Mary 's charges and bases by her accusals. Proctor continues to seek to discredit Abigail and when it looks like he is traveling to win, Abigail unleashes her strongest arm. She begins to act as though she is afflicted, and is rapidly followed by the other misss. Her impeaching eyes roam until eventually settling on Mary Warren. Mary Warren tries to contend Abigail but the favour of the room is rapidly stealing off from her. Proctor, holding no options left, uncover his matter with Abigail. The work forces are horrified. Proctor and Abigail are instructed to turn their dorsums as Elizabeth Proctor is brought in. They ask her if her hubby has been unfaithful. Not cognizing that he has confessed and believing of his protection, she denies it. As she is led out, Proctor tells her that he confessed it and they both realize that they are undone. Abigail and the other misss continue to act as though afflicted by Mary Warren until the miss eventually clefts. She accuses Proctor of holding used her for the Devil 's work and runs into the now welcoming weaponries of Abigail. Proctor and Giles Corey are led away to the prison. Reverend Hale realizes the dishonesty of the misss at last and quits the tribunal in protest.

The Crucible - Act III Lyrics

The vestry room of the Salem meeting house, now functioning as the antechamber of the General Court. As the drape rises, the room is empty, but for sunlight pouring through two high Windowss in the dorsum wall. The room is grave, even prohibiting. Heavy beams jut out, boards of random breadths make up the walls. At the right are two doors taking into the meeting house proper, where the tribunal is being held. At the left another door leads outdoors. There is a field bench at the left, and another at the right. In the centre a instead long meeting tabular array, with stools and a considerable armchair snugged up to it. Through the breakdown wall at the right we hear a prosecutor’s voice, Judge Hathorne’s, inquiring a inquiry ; so a woman’s voice, Martha Corey’s, answering. HATHORNE: Now, Martha Corey, there is abundant grounds in our custodies to demo that you have given yourself to the reading of lucks. Do you deny it? MARTHA: I am guiltless to a enchantress. I know non what a enchantress is. HATHORNE: How do you cognize so that you are non a enchantress? MARTHA: If I were I would cognize it. HATHORNE: Why do you ache these kids? MARTHA: I do non ache them. I scorn it! COREY: I have grounds for the tribunal! DANFORTH: You will maintain your place! COREY: Thomas Putnam is reachin‘ out for land! DANFORTH: Remove that adult male, Marshal! COREY: You‘re hearing lies, lies! HATHORNE: Arrest him, Excellency! COREY: I have grounds, why will you non hear my grounds! They‘ll be hangin‘ my wife- HATHORNE: How do you make bold come roarin‘ into this tribunal! Are you gone daft, Corey? COREY: You‘re non a Boston justice yet, Hathorne. You‘ll non name me daft! DANFORTH: Who is this adult male? PARRIS: Giles Corey, sir, and a more contentious… COREY: I am asked the inquiry and I am old plenty to reply it! My name is Corey, sir, Giles Corey. I have six hundred estates, and lumber in add-on. It is my married woman you be reprobating now. DANFORTH: And how do you conceive of to assist her cause with such disdainful public violences? Now begone, your old age entirely keeps you out of gaol for this. COREY: They‘re tellin‘ lies about my married woman, sir, I … DANFORTH: Then you take it upon yourself to make up one's mind what this tribunal shall believe and what it shall put aside? COREY: Your Excellency, we mean no discourtesy for… DANFORTH: Disrespect, so! -It is break, Mister. This is the highest tribunal of the supreme authorities of this state, do you cognize it? COREY: Your Excellency, I merely said she were readin‘ books, sir, and they come and take her out of my house for… DANFORTH: What books, what… ? COREY: It is my 3rd married woman, sir, and I ne'er had no married woman that be so taken with books, d‘y‘understand, sir, and I thought to happen the cause of it, d‘y‘see, but it were no enchantress I blamed her for…I have broke charity with her. Hale: Excellency, he claims difficult grounds for his wife‘s defence. I think that in all justness you must … DANFORTH: Then allow him subject his grounds in proper affidavit. You are surely cognizant of our process here, Mr. Hale. Clear this room. Herrick: Come now, Giles. Nurse: We are despairing, sir ; we come here three yearss now and can non be heard. DANFORTH: Who is this adult male? Nurse: Francis Nurse, your Excellency. Hale: His wife‘s Rebecca that were condemned this forenoon. Nurse: Excellency, we have proof of it, sir. They are all lead oning you. HATHORNE: This is contempt, sir, contempt! DANFORTH: Peace, Judge Hathorne. Make you cognize who I am, Mister Nurse? Nurse: I certainly do, sir, and I think you must be a wise justice to be what you are. DANFORTH: And make you cognize that near to four 100s are in the gaols from Marblehead to Lynn, and upon my signature? Nurse: I… DANFORTH: And seventy-two condemned to hang by that signature? Nurse: Excellency, I ne'er thought to state it to such a weighty justice, but you are deceived. PARRIS: Mary Warren! What, what are you about here? Proctor: She would talk with the Deputy-Governor. COREY: She has been strivin‘ with her psyche all hebdomad, Your Honor ; she comes now to state the truth to you. DANFORTH: Who is this? Proctor: John Proctor, sir. Elizabeth Proctor is my married woman. PARRIS: Beware this adult male, Your Excellency, this adult male is mischief. Hale: I think you must hear the miss, sir, she… DANFORTH: Peace. What would you state us, Mary Warren? Proctor: She ne'er saw no liquors, sir. DANFORTH: Never saw no liquors? ! COREY: Never. Proctor: She has signed a deposition, sir… . DANFORTH: No, no, I accept no deposition. State me, Mister Proctor, have you given out this narrative in the small town? Proctor: We have non. PARRIS: They‘ve come to subvert the tribunal, sir! This adult male is… DANFORTH: I pray you, Mister Parris. Make you cognize, Mister Proctor, that the full contention of the State in these tests is that the voice of Heaven is talking through the kids? Proctor: I know that, sir. DANFORTH: And you, Mary Warren… how came you to shout out people for directing their liquors against you? MARY: It were pretense, sir. DANFORTH: Ah? And the other misss? Susanna Wallcott, and… the others? They are besides feigning? MARY: Aye, sir. DANFORTH: Indeed. Now, Mister Proctor, before I decide whether I shall hear you or non, it is my responsibility to state you this. We burn a hot fire here ; it melts down all privacy. Are you certain in your scruples, Mister, that your grounds is the truth? Proctor: It is. And you will certainly cognize it. DANFORTH: I take it you came here to declare this disclosure in the unfastened tribunal before the populace? Proctor: I thought I would, aye… with your permission. DANFORTH: Now, sir—what is your intent in so making? Proctor: Why, I… I would liberate my married woman, sir… DANFORTH: There lurks nowhere in your bosom, nor concealed in your spirit, any desire to sabotage this tribunal? Proctor: Why, no, sir. DANFORTH: I tell you directly, Mister—I have seen wonders in this tribunal. I have seen people choked before my eyes by liquors, I have seen them stuck by pins and slashed by stickers. I have until this minute non the slightest ground to surmise that the kids may be lead oning me. Make you understand my significance? Proctor: It is the kids merely, and this one will curse she lied to you. DANFORTH: Judge Hathorne! HATHORNE: Aye, she‘s the 1. DANFORTH: Mister Proctor… this forenoon, your married woman sent me a claim in which she states that she is pregnant now. Proctor: My married woman pregnant! DANFORTH: There be no mark of it—we have examined her organic structure. Proctor: But if she says she is pregnant, so she must be! That adult female will ne'er lie, Mister Danforth. DANFORTH: She will non? Proctor: Never, sir, ne'er. DANFORTH: Mister Proctor, if I should state you now that I will allow her be kept another month ; and if she begin to demo her natural marks, you shall hold her life yet another twelvemonth until she is delivered— What say you to that? Come now. You say your lone intent is to salvage your married woman. Good so, she is saved at least this twelvemonth, and a twelvemonth is long. What say you, sir? It is done now. Will you drop this charge? Proctor: I… I think I can non. DANFORTH: Then your intent is slightly larger? PARRIS: He‘s come to subvert this tribunal, Your Award! Proctor: These are my friends. Their married womans are also… DANFORTH: I judge you non, sir. Sit down. I am ready to hear your grounds. Proctor: I come non to ache the tribunal, I only… DANFORTH: Marshal, travel into the Court and command Judge Stroughton and Judge Sewall declare deferral for one hr. And allow them travel to the tap house, if they will. All informants and captives are to be kept in the edifice. Now what deposition do you hold for us, Mister Proctor? And I beg you be clear, unfastened as the sky, and honest. Proctor: Will you read this first, sir? It‘s a kind of testament. The people subscribing it declare their good sentiment of Rebecca and my married woman, and Martha Corey. ( Danforth looks at paper. ) These are all covenant people, landholding husbandmans, members of the church. If you‘ll notice, sir—they‘ve known the adult females many old ages and ne'er saw no marks they had traffics with the Devil. DANFORTH: How many names are here? NURSE: Ninety-one, Your Excellency. PARRIS: These people should be summoned for oppugning. Nurse: Mister Danforth, I gave them all my word no injury would come to them for subscribing this. PARRIS: This is a clear onslaught upon the tribunal! Hale: Is every defence an onslaught upon the tribunal? DANFORTH: Mister Cheever, have warrants drawn for all of these—arrest for scrutiny. Now, Mister, what other information do you hold for us? You may sit, Mister Nurse. Nurse: I have brought problem on these people, I have… . DANFORTH: No, old adult male, you have non hurt these people if they are of good scruples. But you must understand, sir, that a individual is either with this tribunal or he must be counted against it ; there be no route between. She‘s non hearty, I see. Invigilate: No, she‘s non, sir. Now retrieve what the angel Raphael said to the male child Tobias. Remember it. MARY: Aye. Proctor: ―Do that which is good and no injury shall come to thee. DANFORTH: Come, adult male, we wait you. COREY: John, my deposition, give him mine. Proctor: Aye. This is Mister Corey‘s temperament. DANFORTH: Oh? HATHORNE: What attorney drew this, Corey? COREY: You know I ne'er hired no attorney in my life, Hathorne. DANFORTH: It is really well-phrased. My regards. Mister Parris, if Mr. Putnam is in the tribunal, conveying him in. You have no legal preparation, Mister Corey? COREY: I have the best, sir—I am 33 clip in tribunal in my life. And ever complainant, excessively DANFORTH: Oh, so you‘re much put-upon. COREY: I am ne'er put-upon ; I know my rights, sir, and I will hold them. Aye, there he is! DANFORTH: Mr. Putnam, I have here an accusal by Mr. Corey against you. He states that you in cold blood prompted your girl to shout witchcraft upon George Jacobs that is now in gaol. PUTNAM: It is a prevarication! DANFORTH: What proof do you subject for your charge, sir? COREY: My cogent evidence is at that place! If Jacobs bents for a enchantress he forfeit up his property—that‘s jurisprudence! And there is none but Putnam with the coin to purchase so great a piece. This adult male is killing his neighbours for their land! DANFORTH: But cogent evidence, sir, proof… . COREY: The cogent evidence is at that place! —I have it from an honorable adult male who heard Putnam say it! The twenty-four hours his girl cried out on Jacobs, he said she‘d given him a just gift of land. HATHORNE: And the name of this adult male? COREY: I will non give you no name. I mentioned my wife‘s name one time and I‘ll burn in snake pit long plenty for that. I stand deaf-and-dumb person. DANFORTH: In that instance, I have no pick but to collar you for disdain of this tribunal, do you cognize that? COREY: This is a hearing ; you can non clap me for disdain of a hearing. DANFORTH: Oh, it is a proper attorney! Do you wish me to declare the tribunal in full session here? —or will you give me good answer? COREY: I can non give you no name, sir, I can non … . DANFORTH: You are a foolish old adult male. Mr. Cheever, get down the record. The tribunal is now is session. I ask you, Mister Corey… PROCTOR: Your Honor… he has the narrative in assurance, sir, and he… PARRIS: The Devil lives on such assurances! Without assurances there could be no confederacy, Your Award! HATHORNE: I think it must be broken, sir. DANFORTH: Old adult male, if your source tells the truth let him come here openly like a nice adult male. But if he hides in namelessness I must cognize why. Now, sir, the authorities and cardinal church demand of you the name of him who reported Mister Thomas Putnam a common liquidator. Hale: Excellency… DANFORTH: Mister Hale. Hale: We can non wink it more. There is a colossal fright of this tribunal in the country… . ( Corey nods somewhat in understanding. ) DANFORTH: Reproach me non with the fright in the state ; there is fright in the state because there is a traveling secret plan to tumble Christ in the state! Hale: But it does non follow that everyone accused is portion of it. DANFORTH: No undefiled adult male may fear this tribunal, Mister Hale! None! Mr. Corey, you are under apprehension in disdain of this tribunal. Now sit you down and take advocate with yourself, or you will be set in the gaol until you decide to reply all inquiries. ( Corey goes for Putnam. ) Proctor: No, Giles! COREY: I‘ll cut your pharynx, Putnam! I‘ll kill you yet. Proctor: Peace, Giles, peace! We‘ll prove ourselves, now we will. COREY: Say nothin‘ more, John. He‘s merely playing you. He means to hang us all. DANFORTH: This is a tribunal of jurisprudence, Mister. I‘ll have no presumption here. Proctor: Forgive him, sir, for his old age. Peace, Giles, we‘ll prove it all now. You can non cry, Mary. Remember the angel what he say to the male child. Keep to it, now ; there is your stone. This is Mary Warren‘s deposition. I… I would inquire you retrieve, sir, while you read it, that until two hebdomad ago she were no different than the other kids are today. You saw her shriek, she howled, she swore familiar liquors choked her ; she even testified that Satan, in the signifier of adult females now in gaol, tried to win her psyche off, and so when she refused… DANFORTH: We know all this. Proctor: Ay, sir. She swears now that she ne'er saw Satan ; nor any spirit, vague or clear, that Satan may hold sent to ache her. And she declares her friends are lying now. DANFORTH: Her deposition, Mister Proctor. PARRIS: I should wish to question… DANFORTH: Mister Parris, I bid you be soundless! Sit you down, Mr. Proctor. You sit at that place. Mister Cheever, will you travel into the tribunal and convey the kids here. Mary Warren, how came you to this reversal? Has Mister Proctor threatened you for this deposition? MARY: No, sir. DANFORTH: Hour angle he of all time threatened you? MARY: No, sir. DANFORTH: Then you tell me that you sat in my tribunal, unfeelingly lying when you knew that people would hang by your grounds? Answer me! Mary: I did, sir. DANFORTH: How were you instructed in your life? —Do you non cognize that God damns all prevaricators? Or is it now that you lie? MARY: No, sir—I am with God now. DANFORTH: You are with God now. Mary: Aye, sir. DANFORTH: I will state you this—you are either lying now, or you were lying in the tribunal, and in either instance you have committed bearing false witness and you will travel to imprison for it. You can non lightly say you lied, Mary. Make you cognize that? MARY: I can non lie no more. I am with God, I am with God… . ( But she breaks into shortness of breath at the idea of it. DANFORTH: Sit you down, kids. Your friend Mary Warren has given us a deposition. In which she swears that she ne'er saw familiar liquors, phantoms, nor any manifest of the Devil. She claims every bit good, that none of you have seen these things either. Now, kids, this is a tribunal of jurisprudence. The jurisprudence, based upon the Bible, and the Bible writ by Almighty God, forbid the pattern of witchery, and describe decease as the punishment thereof. But, similarly, kids, the jurisprudence and Bible damn all prevaricators, and carriers of false informant. Now then… it does non get away me that this deposition may be devised to blind us ; it may good be that Mary Warren has been conquered by Satan who sends her here to deflect our sacred intent. If so, her neck will interrupt for it. But if she speaks true, I bid you now drop your craft and squeal your pretence, for a speedy confession will travel easier with you. Abigail Williams, rise. Is at that place any truth in this? ABIGAIL: No, sir. DANFORTH: Children, a really auger spot will now be turned into your psyches until your honestness is proved. Will either of you change your places now, or do you coerce me to hard oppugning? ABIGAIL: I have naught to alter, sir. She lies. DANFORTH: You would still travel on with this? Mary: Aye, sir. DANFORTH: A poppet were discovered in Mister Proctor‘s house, stabbed by a needle. Mary Warren claims that you sat beside her in the tribunal when she made it, and that you saw her do it, and witnessed how she herself stuck her needle into it for safe-keeping. What say you to that? ABIGAIL: It is a prevarication, sir. DANFORTH: While you worked for Mister Proctor, did you see poppets in that house? ABIGAIL: Goody Proctor ever kept poppets. Proctor: Your Honor, my married woman ne'er kept no poppets. My Warren confesses it was her poppet. Cheever: Your Excellency. DANFORTH: Mister Cheever. Cheever: When I spoke with Goody Proctor in that house, she said she ne'er kept no poppets. But she said she did maintain poppets when she were a miss. Proctor: She has non been a miss these 15 old ages, your Honor. HATHORNE: But a poppet will maintain 15 old ages, will it non? Proctor: It will maintain if it is kept, but Mary Warren swears she ne'er saw no poppets in my house, nor anyplace else. Mister Danforth, what net income Mary Warren to turn herself approximately? What may she derive but difficult inquiring and worse? DANFORTH: You are bear downing Abigail Williams with a fantastic cool secret plan to slaying, do you understand that? Proctor: I do, sir. I believe she means to slay. DANFORTH: This kid would slay your married woman? Proctor: It is non a kid, sir. Now hear me, sir. In the sight of the fold she were twice this twelvemonth put out of this meetin‘ house for laughter during supplication. DANFORTH: What‘s this? Laughter during… ! PARRIS: I… do believe it happened once—she is sometimes silly, but she is solemn now. COREY: Ay, now she is grave and goes to hang people! DANFORTH: Quiet, man… . HATHORNE: Surely it have no bearing on the inquiry, sir. He charges contemplation of slaying. DANFORTH: Aye… . But it strikes difficult upon me that she will express joy at supplication. Continue, Mister Proctor. Proctor: Mary.—Now tell the Governor how you danced in the forests. DANFORTH: What is this dancing? MARY: I… Mister Proctor… PROCTOR: Abigail lead the misss to the forests, your Honor, and they have danced there naked… . PARRIS: Your Honor, this… Proctor: Mister Parris discovered them there in the dead of dark! —there‘s the ―child she is! DANFORTH: Mister Parris… PARRIS: I can merely state, sir, that I ne'er found any of them—naked, and this adult male is… DANFORTH: You discovered them dancing in the forests? Abigail? HALE: Excellency, when I foremost arrived from Beverly, Mister Parris told me that. DANFORTH: Do you deny it, Mister Parris? PARRIS: I do non, sir, but I ne'er saw any of them naked. DANFORTH: But she have danced? PARRIS: Aye, sir. HATHORNE: Excellency, will you allow me? DANFORTH: Pray, proceed. HATHORNE: You say you ne'er saw no liquors, Mary, were ne'er threatened or afflicted by any manifest of the Devil or the Devil‘s agents? MARY: No, sir. HATHORNE: And yet, when people accused of witchcraft confronted you in tribunal, you would conk, stating their liquors came out of their organic structures and choked you… . Mary: That were pretense, sir. HATHORNE: Then can you feign to conk now? Maries: Now? PARRIS: Why non? Now there are no liquors assailing you, for none in this room is accused of witchery. So allow you turn yourself cold now, allow you feign you are attacked now, allow you conk. Faint! Mary: Faint? PARRIS: Aye, swoon! Prove to us how you pretended in the tribunal so many times. Mary: I… can non conk now, sir. Proctor: Can you non feign it? MARY: I… I have no sense of it now, I… DANFORTH: Might it be that here we have no afflicting spirit loose, but in the tribunal there were some? MARY: I ne'er saw no liquors. PARRIS: Your Excellency, this is a fast one to blind the tribunal. Mary: It‘s non a fast one! I… I used to conk because… I… I thought I saw liquors. DANFORTH: Thought you saw them! Mary: But I did non, your Honor. HATHORNE: How could you believe you saw them unless you saw them? Mary: I… I can non state you how, but I did. I… I heard the other misss shouting, and you, your Honor, you seemed to believe them and I… It were merely athletics in the beginning, sir, but so the whole universe cried liquors, liquors, and I… I promise you, Mister Danforth, I merely thought I saw them but I did non. PARRIS: Surely your Excellency is non taken by this simple prevarication. DANFORTH: Abigail Williams! I bid you now search your bosom, and state me this—and beware of it, kid, to God every psyche is cherished and His retribution is awful on them that take life without cause. Is it possible, kid, that the liquors you have seen are illusion merely, some misrepresentation that may traverse your head when… ABIGAIL: I have been hurt, Mister Danforth ; I have seen my blood runnin‘ out! I have been near to slay every twenty-four hours because I done my responsibility indicating out the Devil‘s people—and this is my wages? To be mistrusted, denied, questioned like a… DANFORTH: Child, I do non distrust you… . ABIGAIL: Let you mind, Mister Danforth—think you to be so mighty that the power of Hell may non turn your marbless? ! — beware of it! There is… DANFORTH: What is it, child? ABIGAIL: ( Backing off to bench and sits. Clasping her weaponries about her as though cold. ) I… I know non. A air current, a cold air current has come. ( Her eyes autumn on Mary. ) Mary: Abby! Clemency: Your Honor, I freeze! Proctor: They‘re feigning! HATHORNE: ( Touching Abigail‘s manus. ) She is cold, your Honor, touch her! Clemency: Mary, do you direct this shadow on me? MARY: Lord salvage me! ABIGAIL: I freeze—I freezing. MARY: Abby, don‘t do that! DANFORTH: Mary Warren, do you hex her? I say to you, make you direct your spirit out! Mary: Let me travel, Mister Proctor, I can non, I can non … ABIGAIL: ( Shouting. ) ―Oh, Heavenly Father, take away this shadow. Proctor: Prostitute! How do you make bold name Heaven! DANFORTH: Man! What do you -- - ? Proctor: It is a prostitute. ABIGAIL: Mister Danforth, he‘s prevarication! Proctor: Mark her, now she‘ll suck a shriek to knife me with, but— DANFORTH: You will turn out this, this will non go through. Proctor: I have known her, sir. I have… known her. DANFORTH: You… you are a lecher? Nurse: John, you can non … PROCTOR: No, Francis, it is true, it is true. ( Back to Danforth. ) She will deny it, but you will believe me, sir ; a man… a adult male will non project away his good name, sir, you certainly know that— DANFORTH: In what time… ? In was topographic point? Proctor: In the proper place—where my animals are bedded. Eight months now, sir, it is eight months. She used to function me in my house, sir. A adult male may believe God slumbers, but God sees everything. I know it now. I beg you, sir, I beg you—see her for what she is. My married woman, my beloved good married woman took this miss shortly after, sir, and put her out on the high route. And being what she is, a ball of amour propre, sir… . ( Starts to cry. ) Excellency, forgive me, forgive me. She thinks to dance with me on my wife‘s grave! And good she might! —for I idea of her quietly, God assist me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such perspiration! But it is a whore‘s retribution, and you must see it ; I set myself wholly in your custodies, I know you must see it now. My married woman is guiltless, except she know a prostitute when she see one. DANFORTH: ( Turns to Abigail. ) You deny every bit and rubric of this? ABIGAIL: ( Rising. ) If I must reply that, sir, I will go forth and I will non come back once more. Hale: She does non deny it, Mr. Danforth. She does non deny it! DANFORTH: ( To Abigail. ) You will stay where you are. Sit you down! Mister Parris, travel into the tribunal and convey Goodwife Proctor out. Mister Parris. And state her non one word of what‘s been spoken here. And allow you strike hard before you enter. ( Parris goes out U.R. ) Now we shall touch the underside of this swamp. ( To Proctor. ) Your married woman, you say, is an honorable adult female? Proctor: In her life, sir, she have ne'er lied. There are them that can non sing, and them that can non weep—my married woman can non lie. DANFORTH: Good, so. ( There is a knock at door. He calls off. ) Hold! ( To Abigail. ) Turn your dorsum. Turn your dorsum. ( She does. To Proctor. ) You do similarly. ( Proctor turns off. ) Now let neither of you turn to confront Goody Proctor. No 1 in this room is to talk one word, or raise a gesture ay or nay. ( He turns toward door and calls. ) Enter! ( Elizabeth enters, followed by Parris. She stands entirely, her eyes looking for Proctor. ) Mr. Cheever, study this testimony in all exactitude. Are you ready? CHEEVER: Ready, sir. DANFORTH: Come here, adult female. ( Elizabeth crosses to Danforth, looking toward Proctor. ) Look at me merely, non at your hubby. In my eyes merely. ( She looks at him. ) Elizabeth: Good, sir. DANFORTH: We are given to understand that at one clip you dismissed your retainer, Abigail Williams. Elizabeth: That is true, sir. DANFORTH: For what cause did you disregard her? ( Elizabeth tries to peek at Proctor. ) You will look in my eyes merely and non at your hubby. The reply is in your memory and you need no aid to give it to me. Why did you disregard Abigail Williams? Elizabeth: ( Not cognizing what to state, feeling a state of affairs, she wets her lips to procrastinate for clip. ) She… dissatisfied me… ( Adding. ) and my hubby. DANFORTH: In what manner dissatisfied you? Elizabeths: She were… ( She glances at Proctor for a cue. ) DANFORTH: Woman, expression at me! Were she slovenly? Lazy? What perturbation did she do? ELIZABETH: Your Honor, I… in that clip I were ill. And I… My hubby is a good and righteous adult male. He is ne'er drunk, as some are, nor wastin‘ his clip at the shuffleboard, but ever at his work… But in my sickness—you see, sir, I were a long clip sick after my last babe, and I thought I saw my hubby slightly turning from me. And this girl… ( She turns to Abigail. ) DANFORTH: ( Shouting. ) Look at me! Elizabeth: ( Weeping. ) Aye, sir. Abigail Williams… I came to believe he fancied her. And so one dark I lost my marbless, I think, and put her out on the high route. DANFORTH: Your husband… did he so turn from you? ELIZABETH: My husband… is a goodly adult male, sir… ( She starts to peek at Proctor. ) DANFORTH: Expression at me! To your ain cognition, has John Proctor of all time committed the offense of lechery? ( In a crisis of indecisiveness she can non talk. ) Answer my inquiry! Is your hubby a satyr! Elizabeth: No, sir. DANFORTH: Remove her. Proctor: Elizabeth, tell the truth, Elizabeth! DANFORTH: She has spoken. Remove her. Proctor: ( Cries out. ) Elizabeth, I have confessed it! Elizabeth: Oh, John! Proctor: She merely thought to salvage my name! Hale: Excellency, it is a natural prevarication to state ; I beg you, halt now ; before another is condemned! DANFORTH: She spoke nil of lechery, and this adult male lies! Hale: I believe him! I can non turn my face from it no more. ( Indicating at Abigail. ) This miss has ever struck me false! She… ( Abigail with a eldritch call screams up to ceiling. ) ABIGAIL: You will non! Begone! Begone, I say! DANFORTH: What is it, child? ( She is transfixed—with all the misss, in complete silence, she is open-mouthed, agape at ceiling, and in great fright. ) Girls! Why do you… ? MERCY: It‘s on the beam! —behind the balk! DANFORTH: ( Looking up. ) Where! ABIGAIL: Why… ? Why do you come, yellow bird? Proctor: Where‘s a bird? I see no bird! ABIGAIL: ( To ceiling, in a echt conversation with the ―bird‖ as though seeking to speak it out of assailing her. ) My face? My face? ! But God made my face ; you can non desire to rupture my face. Envy is a deathly wickedness, Mary. MARY: Abby! ABIGAIL: ( Unperturbed, continues to ―bird.‖ ) Oh, Mary, this is a black art to alter your form. No, I can non, I can non halt my oral cavity ; it‘s God‘s work I do… . MARY: Abby, I‘m here! Proctor: They‘re pretense, Mister Danforth! ABIGAIL: ( Now she takes a backward measure, as though the bird would pounce down momently. ) Oh, delight, Mary! —Don‘t come down… . ANN: Her claws, she‘s stretching her claws! Proctor: Lies—lies— ABIGAIL: ( Backing farther, still fixed above. ) Mary, delight don‘t ache me! Mary: ( To Danforth. ) I‘m non aching her! DANFORTH: Why does she see this vision? ! Mary: ( Rises. ) She sees nothin‘ ! ABIGAIL: ( As though fascinated, miming the exact tone of Mary‘s call. ) She sees nothin‘ ! Mary: Abby, you mustn‘t! ABIGAIL: ( Now all misss articulation, transfixed. ) Abby, you mustn‘t! Mary: ( To all misss, madly. ) I‘m here, I‘m here! GIRLS: I‘m here, I‘m here! DANFORTH: Mary Warren! —Draw back your spirit out of them! Mary: Mister Danforth… ! GIRLS: Mister Danforth! DANFORTH: Have you compacted with the Devil? Have you? MARY: Never, ne'er! Girls: Never, ne'er! DANFORTH: ( Turning hysterical. ) Why can they merely repeat you? ! Proctor: Give me a whip—I‘ll halt it! MARY: They‘re sporting… ! Girl: ( Cuting her off. ) They‘re featuring! Mary: ( Turning on them all, hysterically and stomping her pess. ) Abby, halt it! Girls: ( Stomping their pess. ) Abby, halt it! Mary: ( Shouting it out at top of her lungs, and raising her fists. ) Stop it! ! Girls: ( All raising their fists. ) Stop it! ! ( Mary, absolutely confounded, and going overwhelmed by Abigail—and the girls‘—utter strong belief, starts to wail, hands half raised, powerless—and all misss begin wailing precisely as she does. ) DANFORTH: A small while ago you were afflicted. Now it seems you afflict others ; where did you happen this power? Mary: ( Gazing at Abigail. ) I… have no power. Girls: I have no power. Proctor: They‘re fooling you, Mister! DANFORTH: Why did you turn about this past two hebdomads? You have seen the Devil, have you non? Proctor: ( Sing her weakening. ) Mary, Mary, God damns all prevaricators! DANFORTH: I can non hear you. What do you state? You will squeal yourself or you will hang! Proctor: Mary, retrieve the angel Raphael… do that which is good and… ABIGAIL: ( Indicating upward. ) The wings! Her wings are distributing! Mary, please, don‘t, don‘t… ! She‘s traveling to come down! She‘s walking the beam! Look out! She‘s coming down! ( All shriek. Abigail dashes across the phase as though chased, the other misss streak hysterically in and out between the work forces, all converging.—and as their shriek subsides merely Mary Warren‘s is left. All watch her, struck, even horrified by this apparent tantrum. ) Proctor: ( Leaning across the tabular array, turning her gently by the arm. ) Mary, tell the Governor what they… MARY: ( Backing off. ) Don‘t touch me… don‘t touch me! Proctor: Mary! Mary: ( Indicating at Proctor. ) You are the Devil‘s adult male! PARRIS: Praise God! Proctor: Mary, how… ? MARY: I‘ll non hang with you! I love God, I love God— DANFORTH: ( To Mary. ) He bid you do the Devil‘s work? Maries: ( Hysterically, bespeaking Proctor. ) He come at me by dark and every twenty-four hours to subscribe, to subscribe, to… DANFORTH: Sign what? PARRIS: The Devil‘s book? He come with a book? Mary: ( Hysterically, indicating at Proctor. ) My name, he want my name ; I‘ll slaying you, he says, if my married woman bents! We must travel and subvert the tribunal, he says… ! Proctor: ( Eyes follow Mary. ) Mister Hale… ! Mary: ( Her shortness of breath beginning. ) He wake me every dark, his eyes were similar coals and his fingers claw my cervix, and I sign, I sign… . Hale: Excellency, the child‘s gone wild. Proctor: Mary, Mary… ! Mary: ( Shouting at him. ) No, I love God ; I go your manner no more, ( Looking at Abigail. ) I love God, I bless God… . ( Sobing, she rushes to Abigail. ) Abby, Abby, I‘ll ne'er hurt you more! ( All ticker, as Abigail reaches out and pull sobbing Mary to her, so looks up to Danforth. ) DANFORTH: What are you! You are combined with anti-Christ, are you non? I have seen your power, Mister, you will non deny it! Hale: This is non witchcraft! Those misss are frauds! You condemn an honest adult male! DANFORTH: I will hold nil from you, Mister Hale! ( To Proctor. ) Will you squeal yourself befouled with snake pit, or make you maintain that black commitment yet? What say you? PROCTOR: I say… God is dead! PARRIS: ( Traversing L. toward door. ) Hear it, hear it! Proctor: A fire, a fire is firing! I hear the boot of Lucifer, I see his foul face. And it is my face and yours, Danforth. For them that quail now when you know in all your black Black Marias that this be fraud. God damns our sort particularly, and we will fire, we will fire together! DANFORTH: Marshal, take him and Corey with him to the gaol! Hale: ( Traversing D.L. ) I denounce these proceedings! I quit this tribunal! ( Hale EXITS. ) Proctor: You are drawing heaven down and raising up a prostitute. DANFORTH: ( Shocked. ) Mister Hale, Mister Hale! Curtain

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